Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.1

Application

This Part does not apply to an issuer carrying out a related party transaction if

(a) the issuer is not a reporting issuer,

(b) the issuer is a mutual fund,

(c)

(i) at the time the transaction is agreed to, securities held by beneficial owners in the local jurisdiction constitute less than two per cent of the outstanding securities of each class of affected securities of the issuer, and

(ii) all documents concerning the transaction that are sent generally to other holders of affected securities of the issuer are concurrently sent to all holders of the securities in the local jurisdiction,

(d) the parties to the transaction consist solely of

(i) an issuer and one or more of its wholly-owned subsidiary entities, or

(ii) wholly-owned subsidiary entities of the same issuer,

(e) the transaction is a business combination for the issuer,

(f) the transaction would be a business combination for the issuer except that it comes within an exception in any of paragraphs (a) to (e) of the definition of business combination,

(g) the transaction is a downstream transaction for the issuer,

(h) the issuer is obligated to and carries out the transaction substantially under the terms

(i) that were agreed to, and generally disclosed, before December 15, 2000 in Québec and before May 1, 2000 in Ontario,

(ii) that were agreed to, and generally disclosed, before the issuer became a reporting issuer, or

(iii) of a previous transaction the terms of which were generally disclosed, including an issuance of a convertible security, if the previous transaction was carried out in compliance with this Instrument, including in reliance on any applicable exemption or exclusion, or was not subject to this Instrument,

(i) the transaction is a distribution

(i) of securities of the issuer and is a related party transaction for the issuer solely because the interested party is an underwriter of the distribution, and

(ii) carried out in compliance with, including in reliance on any applicable exemption from, National Instrument 33-105 Underwriting Conflicts,

(j) the issuer is subject to the requirements of Part IX of the Loan and Trust Corporations Act (Ontario), the Act respecting Trust Companies and Savings Companies (Quebec), Part XI of the Bank Act (Canada), Part XI of the Insurance Companies Act (Canada), or Part XI of the Trust and Loan Companies Act (Canada), or any successor to that legislation, and the issuer complies with those requirements, or

(k) the transaction is a rights offering, dividend distribution, or any other transaction in which the general body of holders in Canada of affected securities of the same class are treated identically on a per security basis, if

(i) the transaction has no interested party within the meaning of paragraph (d) of the definition of interested party, or

(ii) the transaction is a rights offering, there is an interested party only because a related party of the issuer provides a stand-by commitment for the rights offering, and the stand-by commitment complies with National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus Exemptions.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.2

Material Change Report

(1) An issuer shall include in a material change report, if any, required to be filed under securities legislation for a related party transaction

(a) a description of the transaction and its material terms,

(b) the purpose and business reasons for the transaction,

(c) the anticipated effect of the transaction on the issuer’s business and affairs,

(d) a description of

(i) the interest in the transaction of every interested party and of the related parties and associated entities of the interested parties, and

(ii) the anticipated effect of the transaction on the percentage of securities of the issuer, or of an affiliated entity of the issuer, beneficially owned or controlled by each person referred to in subparagraph (i) for which there would be a material change in that percentage,

(e) unless this information will be included in another disclosure document for the transaction, a discussion of the review and approval process adopted by the board of directors and the special committee, if any, of the issuer for the transaction, including a discussion of any materially contrary view or abstention by a director and any material disagreement between the board and the special committee,

(f) a summary, in accordance with section 6.5, of the formal valuation, if any, obtained for the transaction, unless the formal valuation is included in its entirety in the material change report or will be included in its entirety in another disclosure document for the transaction,

(g) disclosure, in accordance with section 6.8, of every prior valuation in respect of the issuer that relates to the subject matter of or is otherwise relevant to the transaction

(i) that has been made in the 24 months before the date of the material change report, and

(ii) the existence of which is known, after reasonable inquiry, to the issuer or to any director or senior officer of the issuer,

(h) the general nature and material terms of any agreement entered into by the issuer, or a related party of the issuer, with an interested party or a joint actor with an interested party, in connection with the transaction, and

(i) disclosure of the formal valuation and minority approval exemptions, if any, on which the issuer is relying under sections 5.5 and 5.7, respectively, and the facts supporting reliance on the exemptions.

(2) If the issuer files a material change report less than 21 days before the expected date of the closing of the transaction, the issuer shall explain in the news release required to be issued under National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations and in the material change report why the shorter period is reasonable or necessary in the circumstances.

(3) Despite paragraphs (1)(f) and 5.4(2)(a), if the issuer is required to include a summary of the formal valuation in the material change report and the formal valuation is not available at the time the issuer files the material change report, the issuer shall file a supplementary material change report containing the disclosure required by paragraph (1)(f) as soon as the formal valuation is available.

(4) The issuer shall send a copy of any material change report prepared by it in respect of the transaction to any security holder of the issuer upon request and without charge.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.3

Meeting and Information Circular

(1) Without limiting the application of any other legal requirements that apply to meetings of security holders and information circulars, this section applies only to a related party transaction for which section 5.6 requires the issuer to obtain minority approval.

(2) An issuer proposing to carry out a related party transaction to which this section applies shall call a meeting of holders of affected securities and send an information circular to those holders.

(3) The issuer shall include in the information circular

(a) the disclosure required by Form 62-104F2 Issuer Bid Circular of National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids, to the extent applicable and with necessary modifications,

(b) a description of the background to the transaction,

(c) disclosure, in accordance with section 6.8, of every prior valuation in respect of the issuer that relates to the subject matter of or is otherwise relevant to the transaction

(i) that has been made in the 24 months before the date of the information circular, and

(ii) the existence of which is known, after reasonable inquiry, to the issuer or to any director or senior officer of the issuer,

(d) disclosure of any bona fide prior offer that relates to the subject matter of or is otherwise relevant to the transaction, which offer was received by the issuer during the 24 months before the transaction was agreed to, and a description of the offer and the background to the offer,

(e) a discussion of the review and approval process adopted by the board of directors and the special committee, if any, of the issuer for the transaction, including a discussion of any materially contrary view or abstention by a director and any material disagreement between the board and the special committee,

(f) disclosure of the formal valuation exemption, if any, on which the issuer is relying under section 5.5 and the facts supporting that reliance,

(g) disclosure of the number of votes attached to the securities that, to the knowledge of the issuer after reasonable inquiry, will be excluded in determining whether minority approval for the related party transaction is obtained, and

(h) the identity of the holders of securities specified in paragraph (g) together with their individual holdings.

(4) If, after sending the information circular and before the meeting, a change occurs that, if disclosed, would reasonably be expected to affect the decision of a holder of affected securities to vote for or against the related party transaction or to retain or dispose of affected securities, the issuer shall promptly disseminate disclosure of the change

(a) in a manner that the issuer reasonably determines will inform beneficial owners of affected securities of the change, and

(b) sufficiently in advance of the meeting that the beneficial owners of affected securities will be able to assess the impact of the change.

(5) If subsection (4) applies, the issuer shall file a copy of the disseminated information contemporaneously with its dissemination.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.4

Formal Valuation

(1) An issuer shall obtain a formal valuation for a related party transaction described in any of paragraphs (a) to (g) of the definition of related party transaction.

(2) If a formal valuation is required under subsection (1), the issuer shall

(a) include, in accordance with section 6.5, a summary of the formal valuation in the disclosure document for the related party transaction, unless the formal valuation is included in its entirety in the disclosure document,

(b) state in the disclosure document who will pay or has paid for the valuation, and

(c) comply with the other provisions of Part 6 applicable to it relating to formal valuations.

(3) The board of directors of the issuer or an independent committee of the board shall

(a) determine who the valuator will be, and

(b) supervise the preparation of the formal valuation.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.5

Exemptions from Formal Valuation Requirement

Section 5.4 does not apply to an issuer carrying out a related party transaction in any of the following circumstances:

(a) Fair Market Value Not More Than 25% of Market Capitalization – at the time the transaction is agreed to, neither the fair market value of the subject matter of, nor the fair market value of the consideration for, the transaction, insofar as it involves interested parties, exceeds 25 per cent of the issuer’s market capitalization, and for this purpose

(i) if either of the fair market values is not readily determinable, any determination as to whether that fair market value exceeds the threshold for this exemption shall be made by the issuer’s board of directors acting in good faith,

(ii) if the transaction is one in which the issuer or a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer combines with a related party, through an amalgamation, arrangement or otherwise, the subject matter of the transaction shall be deemed to be the securities of the related party held, at the time the transaction is agreed to, by persons other than the issuer or a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer, and the consideration for the transaction shall be deemed to be the consideration received by those persons,

(iii) if the transaction is one of two or more connected transactions that are related party transactions and would, without the exemption in this paragraph (a), require formal valuations under this Instrument, the fair market values for all of those transactions shall be aggregated in determining whether the tests for this exemption are met, and

(iv) if the assets involved in the transaction (the “initial transaction”) include warrants, options or other instruments providing for the possible future purchase of securities or other assets (the “future transaction”), the calculation of the fair market value for the initial transaction shall include the fair market value, as of the time the initial transaction is agreed to, of the maximum number of securities or other consideration that the issuer may be required to issue or pay in the future transaction,

(b) Issuer Not Listed on Specified Markets – no securities of the issuer are listed or quoted on the Toronto Stock Exchange, Aequitas NEO Exchange Inc., the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ Stock Market, or a stock exchange outside of Canada and the United States other than the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange or the PLUS markets operated by PLUS Markets Group plc,

(c) Distribution of Securities for Cash – the transaction is a distribution of securities of the issuer to a related party for cash consideration, if

(i) neither the issuer nor, to the knowledge of the issuer after reasonable inquiry, the related party has knowledge of any material information concerning the issuer or its securities that has not been generally disclosed, and the disclosure document for the transaction includes a statement to that effect, and

(ii) the disclosure document for the transaction includes a description of the effect of the distribution on the direct or indirect voting interest of the related party,

(d) Certain Transactions in the Ordinary Course of Business the transaction is

(i) a purchase or sale, in the ordinary course of business of the issuer, of inventory consisting of personal or movable property under an agreement that has been approved by the board of directors of the issuer and the existence of which has been generally disclosed, or

(ii) a lease of real or immovable property or personal or movable property under an agreement on reasonable commercial terms that, considered as a whole, are not less advantageous to the issuer than if the lease was with a person dealing at arm’s length with the issuer and the existence of which has been generally disclosed,

(e) Transaction Supported by Arm’s Length Control Person the interested party beneficially owns, or exercises control or direction over, voting securities of the issuer that carry fewer voting rights than the voting securities beneficially owned, or over which control or direction is exercised, by another security holder of the issuer who is a control person of the issuer and who, in the circumstances of the transaction

(i) is not also an interested party,

(ii) is at arm’s length to the interested party, and

(iii) supports the transaction,

(f) Bankruptcy, Insolvency, Court Order –

(i) the transaction is subject to court approval, or a court orders that the transaction be effected, under

(A) bankruptcy or insolvency law, or

(B) section 191 of the CBCA, any successor to that section, or equivalent legislation of a jurisdiction,

(ii) the court is advised of the requirements of this Instrument regarding formal valuations for related party transactions, and of the provisions of this paragraph (f), and

(iii) the court does not require compliance with section 5.4,

(g) Financial Hardship –

(i) the issuer is insolvent or in serious financial difficulty,

(ii) the transaction is designed to improve the financial position of the issuer,

(iii) paragraph (f) is not applicable,

(iv) the issuer has one or more independent directors in respect of the transaction, and

(v) the issuer’s board of directors, acting in good faith, determines, and at least two-thirds of the issuer’s independent directors, acting in good faith, determine that

(A) subparagraphs (i) and (ii) apply, and

(B) the terms of the transaction are reasonable in the circumstances of the issuer,

(h) Asset Resale –

(i) the subject matter of the related party transaction was acquired by the issuer or an interested party, as the case may be, in a prior arm’s length transaction that was agreed to not more than 12 months before the date that the related party transaction is agreed to, and a qualified, independent valuator provides a written opinion that, after making such adjustments, if any, as the valuator considers appropriate in the exercise of the valuator’s professional judgment

(A) the value of the consideration payable by the issuer for the subject matter of the related party transaction is not more than the value of the consideration paid by the interested party in the prior arm’s length transaction, or

(B) the value of the consideration to be received by the issuer for the subject matter of the related party transaction is not less than the value of the consideration paid by the issuer in the prior arm’s length transaction, and

(ii) the disclosure document for the related party transaction includes the same disclosure regarding the valuator as is required in the case of a formal valuation under section 6.2,

(i) Non-redeemable Investment Fund the issuer is a non-redeemable investment fund that

(i) at least once each quarter calculates and publicly disseminates the net asset value of its securities, and

(ii) at the time of publicly announcing the related party transaction, publicly disseminates the net asset value of its securities as of the business day before the announcement,

(j) Amalgamation or Equivalent Transaction with No Adverse Effect on Issuer or Minority – the transaction is a statutory amalgamation, or substantially equivalent transaction, resulting in the combination of the issuer or a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer with an interested party, that is undertaken in whole or in part for the benefit of another related party, if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(i) the transaction does not and will not have any adverse tax or other consequences to the issuer, the person resulting from the combination, or beneficial owners of affected securities generally,

(ii) no material actual or contingent liability of the interested party with which the issuer or a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer is combining will be assumed by the issuer, the wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer or the person resulting from the combination,

(iii) the related party benefiting from the transaction agrees to indemnify the issuer against any liabilities of the interested party with which the issuer, or a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer, is combining,

(iv) after the transaction, the nature and extent of the voting and financial participating interests of holders of affected securities in the person resulting from the combination will be the same as, and the value of their financial participating interests will not be less than, that of their interests in the issuer before the transaction,

(v) the related party benefiting from the transaction pays for all of the costs and expenses resulting from the transaction.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 5 Related Party Transactions
Section 5.7

Exemptions from Minority Approval Requirement

(1) Subject to subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5), section 5.6 does not apply to an issuer carrying out a related party transaction in any of the following circumstances if the exemption relied on, any formal valuation exemption relied on, and the facts supporting reliance on those exemptions are disclosed in the disclosure document, if any, for the transaction:

(a) Fair Market Value Not More Than 25 Per Cent of Market Capitalization the circumstances described in paragraph (a) of section 5.5,

(b) Fair Market Value Not More Than $2,500,000 – Distribution of Securities for Cash – the circumstances described in paragraph (c) of section 5.5, if

(i) no securities of the issuer are listed or quoted on the Toronto Stock Exchange, Aequitas NEO Exchange Inc., the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ Stock Market, or a stock exchange outside of Canada and the United States other than the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange or the PLUS markets operated by PLUS Markets Group plc,

(ii) at the time the transaction is agreed to, neither the fair market value of the securities to be distributed in the transaction nor the consideration to be received for those securities, insofar as the transaction involves interested parties, exceeds $2,500,000,

(iii) the issuer has one or more independent directors in respect of the transaction who are not employees of the issuer, and

(iv) at least two-thirds of the directors described in subparagraph (iii) approve the transaction,

(c) Other Transactions Exempt from Formal Valuation the circumstances described in paragraphs (d), (e) and (j) of section 5.5,

(d) Bankruptcy, Insolvency, Court Order – the circumstances described in subparagraph (f)(i) of section 5.5, if the court is advised of the requirements of this Instrument regarding minority approval for related party transactions, and of the provisions of this paragraph, and the court does not require compliance with section 5.6,

(e) Financial Hardship – the circumstances described in paragraph (g) of section 5.5, if there is no other requirement, corporate or otherwise, to hold a meeting to obtain any approval of the holders of any class of affected securities,

(f) Loan to Issuer, No Equity or Voting Component –

(i) the transaction is a loan, or the creation of a credit facility, that is obtained by the issuer from a related party on reasonable commercial terms that are not less advantageous to the issuer than if the loan or credit facility were obtained from a person dealing at arm’s length with the issuer, and the loan, or each advance under the credit facility, as the case may be, is not

(A) convertible, directly or indirectly, into equity or voting securities of the issuer or a subsidiary entity of the issuer, or otherwise participating in nature, or

(B) repayable as to principal or interest, directly or indirectly, in equity or voting securities of the issuer or a subsidiary entity of the issuer,

(ii) and for this purpose, any amendment to the terms of a loan or credit facility is deemed to create a new loan or credit facility,

(g) 90 Per Cent Exemption – one or more persons that are interested parties within the meaning of subparagraph (d)(i) of the definition of interested party beneficially own, in the aggregate, 90 per cent or more of the outstanding securities of a class of affected securities at the time the transaction is agreed to, and either

(i) an appraisal remedy is available to holders of the class of affected securities under the statute under which the issuer is organized or is governed as to corporate law matters, or

(ii) if an appraisal remedy referred to in subparagraph (i) is not available, holders of the class of affected securities are given an enforceable right that is substantially equivalent to the appraisal remedy provided for in section 190 of the CBCA and that is described in an information circular or other document sent to holders of that class of affected securities in connection with a meeting to approve the related party transaction, or, if there is no such meeting, in another document that is sent to those security holders not later than the time by which an information circular or other document would have been required to be sent to them if there had been a meeting.

(2) Despite subparagraph (a)(iii) of section 5.5, if the transaction is one of two or more connected transactions that are related party transactions and would, without the exemptions in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1), require minority approval under this Instrument, the fair market values for all of those transactions shall be aggregated in determining whether the tests for those exemptions are met.

(3) If the transaction is a material amendment to the terms of a security, or of a loan or credit facility to which the exemption in paragraph (f) of subsection (1) does not apply, the fair market value tests for the exemptions in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) shall be applied to the whole transaction as amended, insofar as it involves interested parties, rather than just to the amendment, and, for this purpose, any addition of, or amendment to, a term involving a right to convert into or otherwise acquire equity or voting securities is deemed to be a material amendment.

(4) Subparagraphs (a)(i), (iii) and (iv) of section 5.5 apply to paragraph (b) of subsection 5.7(1) with appropriate modifications.

(5) If there are two or more classes of affected securities, paragraph (g) of subsection (1) applies only to a class of which the applicable interested parties beneficially own, in the aggregate, 90 per cent or more of the outstanding securities.