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National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

executive officer

(1) In this Instrument:…”executive officer” means, for a reporting issuer, an individual who is

(a) a chair, vice-chair or president;

(a.1) a chief executive officer or chief financial officer;

(b) a vice-president in charge of a principal business unit, division or function including sales, finance or production; or

(c) performing a policy-making function in respect of the issuer;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

financial outlook

(1) In this Instrument:…

financial outlook” means forward-looking information about prospective financial performance, financial position or cash flows that is based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action and that is not presented in the format of a historical statement of financial position, statement of comprehensive income or statement of cash flows;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

FOFI

(1) In this Instrument:…

FOFI”, or “future-oriented financial information”, means forward-looking information about prospective financial performance, financial position or cash flows, based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action, and presented in the format of a historical statement of financial position, statement of comprehensive income or statement of cash flows;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

forward-looking information

(1) In this instrument…“forward-looking information” means disclosure regarding possible events, conditions or financial performance that is based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action and includes future-oriented financial information with respect to prospective financial performance, financial position or cash flows that is presented as a forecast or a projection;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

future-oriented financial information

(1) In this Instrument:…”FOFI”, or “future-oriented financial information”, means forward-looking information about prospective financial performance, financial position or cash flows, based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action, and presented in the format of a historical statement of financial position, statement of comprehensive income or statement of cash flows;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions and Interpretation

interim period

(1) In this Instrument:

interim period” means,

(a) in the case of a year other than a non-standard year or a transition year, a period commencing on the first day of the financial year and ending nine, six or three months before the end of the financial year;

(a.1) in the case of a non-standard year, a period commencing on the first day of the financial year and ending within 22 days of the date that is nine, six or three months before the end of the financial year; or

(b) in the case of a transition year, a period commencing on the first day of the transition year and ending

(i) three, six, nine or twelve months, if applicable, after the end of the old financial year; or

(ii) twelve, nine, six or three months, if applicable, before the end of the transition year;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions and Interpretation

marketplace

(1) In this Instrument:

marketplace” means

(a) an exchange;

(b) a quotation and trade reporting system;

(c) a person or company not included in paragraph (a) or (b) that

(i) constitutes, maintains or provides a market or facility for bringing together buyers and sellers of securities;

(ii) brings together the orders for securities of multiple buyers and sellers; and

(iii) uses established, non-discretionary methods under which the orders interact with each other, and the buyers and sellers entering the orders agree to the terms of a trade; or

(d) a dealer that executes a trade of an exchange-traded security outside of a marketplace,

but does not include an inter-dealer bond broker;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1(1)

material change

material change” means

(a) a change in the business, operations or capital of the reporting issuer that would reasonably be expected to have a significant effect on the market price or value of any of the securities of the reporting issuer; or

(b) a decision to implement a change referred to in paragraph (a) made by the board of directors or other persons acting in a similar capacity or by senior management of the reporting issuer who believe that confirmation of the decision by the board of directors or any other persons acting in a similar capacity is probable;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

restructuring transaction

(1) In this Instrument:…

restructuring transaction” means

(a) a reverse takeover;

(b) an amalgamation, merger, arrangement or reorganization;

(c) a transaction or series of transactions involving a reporting issuer acquiring assets and issuing securities that results in

(i) new securityholders owning or controlling more than 50% of the reporting issuer’s outstanding voting securities; and

(ii) a new person or company, a new combination of persons or companies acting together, the vendors of the assets, or new management

(A) being able to materially affect the control of the reporting issuer; or

(B) holding more than 20% of the outstanding voting securities of the reporting issuer, unless there is evidence showing that the holding of those securities does not materially affect the control of the reporting issuer; and

(d) any other transaction similar to the transactions listed in paragraphs (a) to (c),

but does not include a subdivision, consolidation, or other transaction that does not alter a securityholder’s proportionate interest in the issuer and the issuer’s proportionate interest in its assets;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions and Interpretation

reverse takeover

(1) In this Instrument: “reverse takeover” means

(a) a reverse acquisition, which has the same meaning as in Canadian GAAP applicable to publicly accountable enterprises; or

(b) a transaction where an issuer acquires a person or company by which the securityholders of the acquired person or company, at the time of the transaction, obtain control of the issuer, where, for purposes of this paragraph, “control” has the same meaning as in Canadian GAAP applicable to publicly accountable enterprises;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions and Interpretation

venture issuer

(1) In this Instrument:

venture issuer” means a reporting issuer that, as at the applicable time, did not have any of its securities listed or quoted on any of the Toronto Stock Exchange, Aequitas NEO Exchange Inc., a U.S. marketplace, or a marketplace outside of Canada and the United States of America other than the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange or the PLUS markets operated by PLUS Markets Group plc; where the “applicable time” in respect of

(a) Parts 4 and 5 of this Instrument and Form 51-102F1, is the end of the applicable financial period;

(b) Parts 6 and 9 of this Instrument and Form 51-102F6, is the end of the most recently completed financial year;

(c) Part 8 of this Instrument and Form 51-102F4, is the acquisition date; and

(d) section 11.3 of this Instrument, is the date of the meeting of the securityholders.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1(2)

affiliate

In this Instrument, an issuer is an affiliate of another issuer if

(a) one of them is the subsidiary of the other, or

(b) each of them is controlled by the same person.

Lexata notes:

 


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1(3)

Control

For the purposes of subsection (2) [meaning of “affiliate”], a person (first person) is considered to control another person (second person) if

(a) the first person beneficially owns, or controls or directs, directly or indirectly, securities of the second person carrying votes which, if exercised, would entitle the first person to elect a majority of the directors of the second person, unless that first person holds the voting securities only to secure an obligation,

(b) the second person is a partnership, other than a limited partnership, and the first person holds more than 50% of the interests of the partnership, or

(c) the second person is a limited partnership and the general partner of the limited partnership is the first person.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Language Of Documents
Section 3.1

French or English

(1) A person or company must file a document required to be filed under this Instrument in French or in English.

(2) Despite subsection (1), if a person or company files a document only in French or only in English but delivers to securityholders a version of the document in the other language, the person or company must file that other version not later than when it is first delivered to securityholders.

(3) In Québec, a reporting issuer must comply with linguistic obligations and rights prescribed by Québec law.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Language Of Documents
Section 3.2

Filings Translated into French or English

If a person or company files a document under this Instrument that is a translation of a document prepared in a language other than French or English, the person or company must

(a) attach a certificate as to the accuracy of the translation to the filed document; and

(b) make a copy of the document in the original language available to a registered holder or beneficial owner of its securities, on request.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.1

Comparative Annual Financial Statements and Audit

(1) Subject to subsection 4.8(6), a reporting issuer must file annual financial statements that include

(a) a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity, and a statement of cash flows for

(i) the most recently completed financial year; and

(ii) the financial year immediately preceding the most recently completed financial year, if any;

(b) a statement of financial position as at the end of each of the periods referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) in the following circumstances, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the financial year immediately preceding the most recently completed financial year:

(i) the reporting issuer discloses in its annual financial statements an unreserved statement of compliance with IFRS, and 

(ii) the reporting issuer

(A) applies an accounting policy retrospectively in its annual financial statements,

(B) makes a retrospective restatement of items in its annual financial statements, or

(C) reclassifies items in its annual financial statements;

(d) in the case of the reporting issuer’s first IFRS financial statements, the opening IFRS statement of financial position at the date of transition to IFRS; and

(e) notes to the annual financial statements.

(2) Annual financial statements filed under subsection (1) must be audited.

(3) If a reporting issuer presents the components of profit or loss in a separate income statement, the separate income statement must be displayed immediately before the statement of comprehensive income filed under subsection (1).


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.2

Filing Deadline for Annual Financial Statements

The audited annual financial statements required to be filed under section 4.1 must be filed

(a) in the case of a reporting issuer other than a venture issuer, on or before the earlier of

(i) the 90th day after the end of its most recently completed financial year; and

(ii) the date of filing, in a foreign jurisdiction, annual financial statements for its most recently completed financial year; or

(b) in the case of a venture issuer, on or before the earlier of

(i) the 120th day after the end of its most recently completed financial year; and

(ii) the date of filing, in a foreign jurisdiction, annual financial statements for its most recently completed financial year.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.3

Interim Financial Report

(1) Subject to sections 4.7 and 4.10, a reporting issuer must file an interim financial report for each interim period ended after it became a reporting issuer.

(2) Subject to subsections 4.7(4), 4.8(7), 4.8(8) and 4.10(3), the interim financial report required to be filed under subsection (1) must include

(a) a statement of financial position as at the end of the interim period and a statement of financial position as at the end of the immediately preceding financial year, if any;

(b) a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity and a statement of cash flows, all for the year-to-date interim period, and comparative financial information for the corresponding interim period in the immediately preceding financial year, if any;

(c) for interim periods other than the first interim period in a reporting issuer’s financial year, a statement of comprehensive income for the three month period ending on the last day of the interim period and comparative financial information for the corresponding period in the immediately preceding financial year, if any;

(d) in the following circumstances, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the immediately preceding financial year:

(i) the reporting issuer discloses in its interim financial report an unreserved statement of compliance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting, and

(ii) the reporting issuer

(A) applies an accounting policy retrospectively in its interim financial report,

(B) makes a retrospective restatement of items in its interim financial report, or

(C) reclassifies items in its interim financial report;

(e) in the case of the reporting issuer’s first interim financial report required to be filed in the year of adopting IFRS, the opening IFRS statement of financial position at the date of transition to IFRS; and

(f) notes to the interim financial report.

(2.1) If a reporting issuer presents the components of profit or loss in a separate income statement, the separate income statement must be displayed immediately before the statement of comprehensive income filed under subsection (2).

(3) Disclosure of Auditor Review of an Interim Financial Report

(a) If an auditor has not performed a review of an interim financial report required to be filed under subsection (1), the interim financial report must be accompanied by a notice indicating that the interim financial report has not been reviewed by an auditor.

(b) If a reporting issuer engaged an auditor to perform a review of an interim financial report required to be filed under subsection (1) and the auditor was unable to complete the review, the interim financial report must be accompanied by a notice indicating that the auditor was unable to complete a review of the interim financial report and the reasons why the auditor was unable to complete the review.

(c) If an auditor has performed a review of the interim financial report required to be filed under subsection (1) and the auditor has expressed a reservation of -16- opinion in the auditor’s interim review report, the interim financial report must be accompanied by a written review report from the auditor.

(4) SEC Issuer – Restatement of an Interim Financial Report If an SEC issuer that is a reporting issuer

(a) has filed an interim financial report prepared in accordance with Canadian GAAP applicable to publicly accountable enterprises for one or more interim periods since its most recently completed financial year for which annual financial statements have been filed; and

(b) prepares its annual financial statements or an interim financial report for the period immediately following the periods referred to in paragraph (a) in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the SEC issuer must

(c) restate the interim financial report for the periods referred to in paragraph (a) in accordance with U.S. GAAP; and

(d) file the restated interim financial report referred to in paragraph (c) by the filing deadline for the financial statements referred to in paragraph (b).


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.4

Filing Deadline for an Interim Financial Report

An interim financial report required to be filed under subsection 4.3(1) must be filed

(a) in the case of a reporting issuer other than a venture issuer, on or before the earlier of

(i) the 45th day after the end of the interim period; and

(ii) the date of filing, in a foreign jurisdiction, an interim financial report for a period ending on the last day of the interim period; or

(b) in the case of a venture issuer, on or before the earlier of

(i) the 60th day after the end of the interim period; and

(ii) the date of filing, in a foreign jurisdiction, an interim financial report for a period ending on the last day of the interim period.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.5

Approval of Financial Statements

(1) The annual financial statements a reporting issuer is required to file under section 4.1 must be approved by the board of directors before the statements are filed.

(2) The interim financial report a reporting issuer is required to file under section 4.3 must be approved by the board of directors before the report is filed.

(3) In fulfilling the requirement in subsection (2), the board of directors may delegate the approval of the interim financial report to the audit committee of the board of directors.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.6

Delivery of Financial Statements

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a reporting issuer must send annually a request form to the registered holders and beneficial owners of its securities, other than debt instruments, that the registered holders and beneficial owners may use to request any of the following:

(a) a paper copy of the reporting issuer’s annual financial statements and MD&A for the annual financial statements;

(b) a copy of the reporting issuer’s interim financial reports and MD&A for the interim financial reports.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the reporting issuer must, applying the procedures set out in NI 54-101, send the request form to the beneficial owners of its securities who are identified under that Instrument as having chosen to receive all securityholder materials sent to beneficial owners of securities.

(3) If a registered holder or beneficial owner of securities, other than debt instruments, of a reporting issuer requests the issuer’s annual financial statements or interim financial reports, the reporting issuer must send a copy of the requested financial statements to the person or company that made the request, without charge, by the later of,

(a) in the case of a reporting issuer other than a venture issuer, 10 calendar days after the filing deadline in subparagraph 4.2(a)(i) or 4.4(a)(i), section 4.7, or subsection 4.10(2), as applicable, for the financial statements requested;

(b) in the case of a venture issuer, 10 calendar days after the filing deadline in paragraph 4.2(b)(i) or 4.4(b)(i), section 4.7, or subsection 4.10(2), as applicable, for the financial statements requested; and

(c) 10 calendar days after the issuer receives the request.

(4) A reporting issuer is not required to send copies of annual financial statements or interim financial reports under subsection (3) that were filed more than one year before the issuer receives the request.

(5) Subsection (1) and the requirement to send annual financial statements under subsection (3) do not apply to a reporting issuer that sends its annual financial statements to its securityholders, other than holders of debt instruments, within 140 days of the issuer’s financial year-end and in accordance with NI 54-101.

(6) If a reporting issuer sends financial statements under this section, the reporting issuer must also send, at the same time, the annual or interim MD&A relating to the financial statements.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.7

Filing of Financial Statements After Becoming a Reporting Issuer

(1) Despite any provisions of this Part other than subsections (2), (3) and (4) of this section, the first annual financial statements and interim financial reports that a reporting issuer must file under sections 4.1 and 4.3 are the financial statements for the financial year and interim periods immediately following the periods for which financial statements of the issuer were included in a document filed

(a) that resulted in the issuer becoming a reporting issuer; or

(b) in respect of a transaction that resulted in the issuer becoming a reporting issuer.

(2) If, under subsection (1), a reporting issuer is required to file annual financial statements for a financial year that ended before the issuer became a reporting issuer, those annual financial statements must be filed on or before the later of

(a) the 20th day after the issuer became a reporting issuer; and

(b) the filing deadline in section 4.2.

(3) If, under subsection (1), a reporting issuer is required to file an interim financial report for an interim period that ended before the issuer became a reporting issuer, that interim financial report must be filed on or before the later of

(a) the 10th day after the issuer became a reporting issuer; and

(b) the filing deadline in section 4.4.

(4) A reporting issuer is not required to provide comparative interim financial information for periods that ended before the issuer became a reporting issuer if

(a) to a reasonable person it is impracticable to present prior-period information on a basis consistent with subsection 4.3(2);

(b) the prior-period information that is available is presented; and

(c) the notes to the interim financial report disclose the fact that the prior-period information has not been prepared on a basis consistent with the most recent interim financial information.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.8

Change in Year-End

(1) Exemption from Change in Year-End Requirements – An SEC issuer satisfies this section if

(a) it complies with the requirements of U.S. laws relating to a change of fiscal year; and

(b) it files a copy of all materials required by U.S. laws relating to a change of fiscal year at the same time as, or as soon as practicable after, they are filed with or furnished to the SEC and, in the case of financial statements, no later than the filing deadlines prescribed under sections 4.2 and 4.4.

(2) Notice of Change – If a reporting issuer decides to change its financial year-end by more than 14 days, it must file a notice containing the information set out in subsection (3) as soon as practicable, and, in any event, not later than the earlier of

(a) the filing deadline, based on the reporting issuer’s old financial year-end, for the next financial statements required to be filed, either annual or interim, whichever comes first; and

(b) the filing deadline, based on the reporting issuer’s new financial year-end, for the next financial statements required to be filed, either annual or interim, whichever comes first.

(3) The notice referred to in subsection (2) must state

(a) that the reporting issuer has decided to change its year-end;

(b) the reason for the change;

(c) the reporting issuer’s old financial year-end;

(d) the reporting issuer’s new financial year-end;

(e) the length and ending date of the periods, including the comparative periods, of each interim financial report and the annual financial statements to be filed for the reporting issuer’s transition year and its new financial year; and

(f) the filing deadlines, prescribed under sections 4.2 and 4.4, for the annual financial statements and interim financial reports for the reporting issuer’s transition year.

(4) Maximum Length of Transition Year – For the purposes of this section,

(a) a transition year must not exceed 15 months; and

(b) the first interim period after an old financial year must not exceed four months.

(5) Interim Period Ends Within One Month of Year-End – Despite subsection 4.3(1), a reporting issuer is not required to file an interim financial report for any period in its transition year that ends not more than one month

(a) after the last day of its old financial year; or

(b) before the first day of its new financial year.

(6) Comparative Financial Information in Annual Financial Statements for New Financial Year – If a transition year is less than nine months in length, the reporting issuer must include as comparative financial information to its annual financial statements for its new financial year

(a) a statement of financial position, a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity, a statement of cash flows, and notes to the financial statements for its transition year;

(b) a statement of financial position, a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity, a statement of cash flows and notes to the financial statements for its old financial year;

(c) in the following circumstances, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the old financial year:

(i) the reporting issuer discloses in its annual financial statements an unreserved statement of compliance with IFRS, and

(ii) the reporting issuer

(A) applies an accounting policy retrospectively in its annual financial statements,

(B) makes a retrospective restatement of items in its annual financial statements, or

(C) reclassifies items in its annual financial statements; and

(d) in the case of the reporting issuer’s first IFRS financial statements, the opening IFRS statement of financial position at the date of transition to IFRS.

(7) Comparative Financial Information in each Interim Financial Report if Interim Periods Not Changed in Transition Year – If interim periods for the reporting issuer’s transition year end three, six, nine or twelve months after the end of its old financial year, the reporting issuer must include

(a) as comparative financial information in each interim financial report during its transition year, the comparative financial information required by subsection 4.3(2), except if an interim period during the transition year is 12 months in length and the reporting issuer’s transition year is longer than 13 months, the comparative financial information must be the statement of financial position, statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the 12 month period that constitutes its old financial year;

(b) as comparative financial information in each interim financial report during its new financial year

(i) a statement of financial position as at the end of its transition year; and

(ii) the statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the periods in its transition year or old financial year, for the same calendar months as, or as close as possible to, the calendar months in the interim period in the new financial year;

(c) in the following circumstances, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the earliest comparative period:

(i) the reporting issuer that discloses in its interim financial report an unreserved statement of compliance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting, and

(ii) the reporting issuer

(A) applies an accounting policy retrospectively in its interim financial report,

(B) makes a retrospective restatement of items in its interim financial report, or

(C) reclassifies items in its interim financial report; and

(d) in the case of the reporting issuer’s first interim financial report required to be filed in the year of adopting IFRS, the opening IFRS statement of financial position at the date of transition to IFRS.

(8) Comparative Financial Information in Interim Financial Reports if Interim Periods Changed in Transition Year – If interim periods for a reporting issuer’s transition year end twelve, nine, six or three months before the end of the transition year, the reporting issuer must include

(a) as comparative financial information in each interim financial report during its transition year

(i) a statement of financial position as at the end of its old financial year; and

(ii) the statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for periods in its old financial year, for the same calendar months as, or as close as possible to, the calendar months in the interim period in the transition year;

(b) as comparative financial information in each interim financial report during its new financial year

(i) a statement of financial position as at the end of its transition year; and

(ii) the statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows in its transition year or old financial year, or both, as appropriate, for the same calendar months as, or as close as possible to, the calendar months in the interim period in the new financial year;

(c) in the following circumstances, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the earliest comparative period:

(i) the reporting issuer discloses in its interim financial report an unreserved statement of compliance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting, and

(ii) the reporting issuer

(A) applies an accounting policy retrospectively in its interim financial report,

(B) makes a retrospective restatement of items in its interim financial report, or

(C) reclassifies items in its interim financial report; and

(d) in the case of the reporting issuer’s first interim financial report required to be filed in the year of adopting IFRS, the opening IFRS statement of financial position at the date of transition to IFRS.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.9

Change in Corporate Structure

If an issuer is party to a transaction that resulted in,

(a) the issuer becoming a reporting issuer other than by filing a prospectus; or

(b) if the issuer was already a reporting issuer, in

(i) the issuer ceasing to be a reporting issuer,

(ii) a change in the reporting issuer’s financial year end, or

(iii) a change in the name of the reporting issuer; the issuer must, as soon as practicable, and in any event not later than the deadline for the first filing required under this Instrument following the transaction, file a notice stating

(c) the names of the parties to the transaction;

(d) a description of the transaction;

(e) the effective date of the transaction;

(f) the name of each party, if any, that ceased to be a reporting issuer after the transaction and of each continuing entity;

(g) the date of the reporting issuer’s first financial year-end after the transaction if paragraph (a) or subparagraph (b)(ii) applies;

(h) the periods, including the comparative periods, if any, of the interim financial reports and the annual financial statements required to be filed for the reporting issuer’s first financial year after the transaction, if paragraph (a) or subparagraph (b)(ii) applies; and

(i) what documents were filed under this Instrument that described the transaction and where those documents can be found in electronic format, if paragraph (a) or subparagraph (b)(ii) applies.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.10

Reverse Takeovers

(1) Change in Year End – If a reporting issuer must comply with section 4.9 because it was a party to a reverse takeover, the reporting issuer must comply with section 4.8 unless

(a) the reporting issuer had the same year-end as the reverse takeover acquirer before the transaction; or

(b) the reporting issuer changes its year-end to be the same as that of the reverse takeover acquirer.

(2) Financial Statements of the Reverse Takeover Acquirer for Periods Ending Before a Reverse Takeover – If a reporting issuer completes a reverse takeover, it must

(a) file the following financial statements for the reverse takeover acquirer, unless the financial statements have already been filed:

(i) financial statements for all annual and interim periods ending before the date of the reverse takeover and after the date of the financial statements included in an information circular or similar document, or under Item 5.2 of the Form 51-102F3 Material Change Report, prepared in connection with the transaction; or

(ii) if the reporting issuer did not file a document referred to in subparagraph (i), or the document does not include the financial statements for the reverse takeover acquirer that would be required to be included in a prospectus, the financial statements prescribed under securities legislation and described in the form of prospectus that the reverse takeover acquirer was eligible to use prior to the reverse takeover for a distribution of securities in the jurisdiction;

(b) file the annual financial statements required by paragraph (a) on or before the later of

(i) the 20th day after the date of the reverse takeover;

(ii) the 90th date after the end of the financial year; and

(iii) the 120th day after the end of the financial year if the reporting issuer is a venture issuer; and

(c) file each interim financial report required by paragraph (a) on or before the later of

(i) the 10th day after the date of the reverse takeover;

(ii) the 45th day after the end of the interim period;

(iii) the 60th day after the end of the interim period if the reporting issuer is a venture issuer; and

(iv) the filing deadline in paragraph (b).

(3) Comparative Financial Information in each Interim Financial Report after a Reverse Takeover – A reporting issuer is not required to provide comparative interim financial information for the reverse takeover acquirer for periods that ended before the date of a reverse takeover if

(a) to a reasonable person it is impracticable to present prior-period information on a basis consistent with subsection 4.3(2);

(b) the prior-period information that is available is presented; and

(c) the notes to the interim financial report disclose the fact that the prior-period information has not been prepared on a basis consistent with the most recent interim financial information.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4 Financial Statements
Section 4.11

Change of Auditor

(1) Definitions – In this section

“appointment” means, in relation to a reporting issuer, the earlier of

(a) the appointment as its auditor of a different person or company than its predecessor auditor; and

(b) the decision by the board of directors of the reporting issuer to propose to holders of qualified securities to appoint as its auditor a different person or company than its predecessor auditor;

“consultation” means advice provided by a successor auditor, whether or not in writing, to a reporting issuer during the relevant period, which the successor auditor concluded was an important factor considered by the reporting issuer in reaching a decision concerning

(a) the application of accounting principles or policies to a transaction, whether or not the transaction is completed;

(b) a report provided by an auditor on the reporting issuer’s financial statements;

(c) scope or procedure of an audit or review engagement; or

(d) financial statement disclosure;

“disagreement” means a difference of opinion between personnel of a reporting issuer responsible for finalizing the reporting issuer’s financial statements and the personnel of a predecessor auditor responsible for authorizing the issuance of audit reports on the reporting issuer’s financial statements or authorizing the communication of the results of the auditor’s review of the reporting issuer’s interim financial report, if the difference of opinion

(a) resulted in a modified opinion in the predecessor auditor’s audit report on the reporting issuer’s financial statements for any period during the relevant period;

(b) would have resulted in a modified opinion in the predecessor auditor’s audit report on the reporting issuer’s financial statements for any period during the relevant period if the difference of opinion had not been resolved to the predecessor auditor’s satisfaction, not including a difference of opinion based on incomplete or preliminary information that was resolved to the satisfaction of the predecessor auditor upon the receipt of further information;

(c) resulted in a qualified or adverse communication or denial of assurance in respect of the predecessor auditor’s review of the reporting issuer’s interim financial report for any interim period during the relevant period; or

(d) would have resulted in a qualified or adverse communication or denial of assurance in respect of the predecessor auditor’s review of the reporting issuer’s interim financial report for any interim period during the relevant period if the difference of opinion had not been resolved to the predecessor auditor’s satisfaction, not including a difference of opinion based on incomplete or preliminary information that was resolved to the satisfaction of the predecessor auditor upon the receipt of further information;

“predecessor auditor” means the auditor of a reporting issuer that is the subject of the most recent termination or resignation;

“qualified securities” means securities of a reporting issuer that carry the right to participate in voting on the appointment or removal of the reporting issuer’s auditor; “relevant information circular” means

(a) if a reporting issuer’s constating documents or applicable law require holders of qualified securities to take action to remove the reporting issuer’s auditor or to appoint a successor auditor

(i) the information circular required to accompany or form part of every notice of meeting at which that action is proposed to be taken; or

(ii) the disclosure document accompanying the text of the written resolution provided to holders of qualified securities; or

(b) if paragraph (a) does not apply, the information circular required to accompany or form part of the first notice of meeting to be sent to holders of qualified securities following the preparation of a reporting package concerning a termination or resignation;

“relevant period” means the period

(a) commencing at the beginning of the reporting issuer’s two most recently completed financial years and ending on the date of termination or resignation; or

(b) during which the predecessor auditor was the reporting issuer’s auditor, if the predecessor auditor was not the reporting issuer’s auditor throughout the period described in paragraph (a);

“reportable event” means a disagreement, a consultation, or an unresolved issue;

“reporting package” means

(a) the documents referred to in subparagraphs (5)(a)(i) and (6)(a)(i);

(b) the letter referred to in clause (5)(a)(ii)(B), if received by the reporting issuer, unless an updated letter referred to in clause (6)(a)(iii)(B) has been received by the reporting issuer;

(c) the letter referred to in clause (6)(a)(ii)(B), if received by the reporting issuer; and

(d) any updated letter referred to in clause (6)(a)(iii)(B) received by the reporting issuer;

“resignation” means notification from an auditor to a reporting issuer of the auditor’s decision to resign or decline to stand for reappointment;

“successor auditor” means the person or company

(a) appointed;

(b) that the board of directors have proposed to holders of qualified securities be appointed; or

(c) that the board of directors have decided to propose to holders of qualified securities be appointed,

as the reporting issuer’s auditor after the termination or resignation of the reporting issuer’s predecessor auditor;

“termination” means, in relation to a reporting issuer, the earlier of

(a) the removal of its auditor before the expiry of the auditor’s term of appointment, the expiry of its auditor’s term of appointment without reappointment, or the appointment of a different person or company as its auditor upon expiry of its auditor’s term of appointment; and

(b) the decision by the board of directors of the reporting issuer to propose to holders of its qualified securities that its auditor be removed before, or that a different person or company be appointed as its auditor upon, the expiry of its auditor’s term of appointment;

“unresolved issue” means any matter that, in the predecessor auditor’s opinion, has, or could have, a material impact on the financial statements, or reports provided by the auditor relating to the financial statements, for any financial period during the relevant period, and about which the predecessor auditor has advised the reporting issuer if

(a) the predecessor auditor was unable to reach a conclusion as to the matter’s implications before the date of termination or resignation;

(b) the matter was not resolved to the predecessor auditor’s satisfaction before the date of termination or resignation; or

(c) the predecessor auditor is no longer willing to be associated with any of the financial statements;

(2) Meaning of “Material” – For the purposes of this section, the term “material” has a meaning consistent with the discussion of the term “materiality” in the issuer`s GAAP.

(3) Exemption from Change of Auditor Requirements – This section does not apply if

(a) the following three conditions are met:

(i) a termination, or resignation, and appointment occur in connection with an amalgamation, arrangement, takeover or similar transaction involving the reporting issuer or a reorganization of the reporting issuer;

(ii) the termination, or resignation, and appointment have been disclosed in a news release that has been filed or in a disclosure document that has been delivered to holders of qualified securities and filed; and

(iii) no reportable event has occurred;

(b) the change of auditor is required by the legislation under which the reporting issuer exists or carries on its activities; or

(c) the change of auditor arises from an amalgamation, merger or other reorganization of the auditor.

(4) Exemption From Change of Auditor RequirementsSEC Issuers – An SEC issuer satisfies this section if it

(a) complies with the requirements of U.S. laws relating to a change of auditor;

(b) files a copy of all materials required by U.S. laws relating to a change of auditor at the same time as, or as soon as practicable after, they are filed with or furnished to the SEC;

(c) issues and files a news release describing the information disclosed in the materials referred to in paragraph (b), if there are any reportable events; and

(d) includes the materials referred to in paragraph (b) with each relevant information circular.

(5) Requirements Upon Auditor Termination or Resignation – Upon a termination or resignation of its auditor, a reporting issuer must

(a) within 3 days after the date of termination or resignation

(i) prepare a change of auditor notice in accordance with subsection (7) and deliver a copy of it to the predecessor auditor; and

(ii) request the predecessor auditor to

(A) review the reporting issuer’s change of auditor notice;

(B) prepare a letter, addressed to the regulator or securities regulatory authority, stating, for each statement in the change of auditor notice, whether the auditor (I) agrees, (II) disagrees, and the reasons why, or (III) has no basis to agree or disagree; and

(C) deliver the letter to the reporting issuer within 7 days after the date of termination or resignation;

(b) within 14 days after the date of termination or resignation

(i) have the audit committee of its board of directors or its board of directors review the letter referred to in clause (5)(a)(ii)(B) if received by the reporting issuer, and approve the change of auditor notice;

(ii) file a copy of the reporting package with the regulator or securities regulatory authority;

(iii) deliver a copy of the reporting package to the predecessor auditor;

(iv) if there are any reportable events, issue and file a news release describing the information in the reporting package; and

(c) include with each relevant information circular

(i) a copy of the reporting package as an appendix; and

(ii) a summary of the contents of the reporting package with a crossreference to the appendix.

(6) Requirements upon Auditor Appointment – Upon an appointment of a successor auditor, a reporting issuer must

(a) within 3 days after the date of appointment

(i) prepare a change of auditor notice in accordance with subsection (7) and deliver it to the successor auditor and to the predecessor auditor;

(ii) request the successor auditor to

(A) review the reporting issuer’s change of auditor notice;

(B) prepare a letter addressed to the regulator or securities regulatory authority, stating, for each statement in the change of auditor notice, whether the auditor

(I) agrees,

(II) disagrees, and the reasons why, or

(III) has no basis to agree or disagree; and

(C) deliver that letter to the reporting issuer within 7 days after the date of appointment; and

(iii) request the predecessor auditor to, within 7 days after the date of appointment,

(A) confirm that the letter referred to in clause (5)(a)(ii)(B) does not have to be updated; or

(B) prepare and deliver to the reporting issuer an updated letter to replace the letter referred to in clause (5)(a)(ii)(B);

(b) within 14 days after the date of appointment,

(i) have the audit committee of its board of directors or its board of directors review the letters referred to in clauses (6)(a)(ii)(B) and (6)(a)(iii)(B) if received by the reporting issuer, and approve the change of auditor notice;

(ii) file a copy of the reporting package with the regulator or securities regulatory authority;

(iii) deliver a copy of the reporting package to the successor auditor and to the predecessor auditor; and

(iv) if there are any reportable events, issue and file a news release disclosing the appointment of the successor auditor and describing the information in the reporting package or referring to the news release required under subparagraph (5)(b)(iv).

(7) Change of Auditor Notice Content – A change of auditor notice must state

(a) the date of termination or resignation;

(b) whether the predecessor auditor

(i) resigned on the predecessor auditor’s own initiative or at the reporting issuer’s request;

(ii) was removed or is proposed to holders of qualified securities to be removed during the predecessor auditor’s term of appointment; or

(iii) was not reappointed or has not been proposed for reappointment;

(c) whether the termination or resignation of the predecessor auditor and any appointment of the successor auditor were considered or approved by the audit committee of the reporting issuer’s board of directors or the reporting issuer’s board of directors;

(d) whether the predecessor auditor’s report on any of the reporting issuer’s financial statements relating to the relevant period expressed a modified opinion and, if so, a description of each modification;

(e) if there is a reportable event, the following information:

(i) for a disagreement,

(A) a description of the disagreement;

(B) whether the audit committee of the reporting issuer’s board of directors or the reporting issuer’s board of directors discussed the disagreement with the predecessor auditor; and

(C) whether the reporting issuer authorized the predecessor auditor to respond fully to inquiries by any successor auditor concerning the disagreement and, if not, a description of and reasons for any limitation;

(ii) for a consultation,

(A) a description of the issue that was the subject of the consultation;

(B) a summary of the successor auditor’s oral advice, if any, provided to the reporting issuer concerning the issue;

(C) a copy of the successor auditor’s written advice, if any, received by the reporting issuer concerning the issue; and

(D) whether the reporting issuer consulted with the predecessor auditor concerning the issue and, if so, a summary of the predecessor auditor’s advice concerning the issue; and

(iii) for an unresolved issue,

(A) a description of the issue;

(B) whether the audit committee of the reporting issuer’s board of directors or the reporting issuer’s board of directors discussed the issue with the predecessor auditor; and

(C) whether the reporting issuer authorized the predecessor auditor to respond fully to inquiries by any successor auditor concerning the issue and, if not, a description of and reasons for any limitation; and

(f) if there are no reportable events, a statement to that effect.

(8) Predecessor Auditor’s Obligations to Report Non-Compliance – If a reporting issuer does not file the reporting package required to be filed under subparagraph (5)(b)(ii) or the news release required to be filed under subparagraph (5)(b)(iv), the predecessor auditor must, within 3 days of the required filing date, advise the reporting issuer in writing of the failure and deliver a copy of the letter to the regulator or, in Quebec, the securities regulatory authority.

(9) Successor Auditor’s Obligations to Report Non-Compliance – If a reporting issuer does not file the reporting package required to be filed under subparagraph (6)(b)(ii) or the news release required to be filed under subparagraph (6)(b)(iv), the successor auditor must, within 3 days of the required filing date, advise the reporting issuer in writing of the failure and deliver a copy of the letter to the regulator or, in Quebec, the securities regulatory authority.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.3

Disclosure

A reporting issuer that discloses material forward-looking information must include disclosure that

(a) identifies forward-looking information as such;

(b) cautions users of forward-looking information that actual results may vary from the forward-looking information and identifies material risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking information;

(c) states the material factors or assumptions used to develop forward-looking information; and

(d) describes the reporting issuer’s policy for updating forward-looking information if it includes procedures in addition to those described in subsection 5.8(2).


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4B FOFI and Financial Outlooks
Section 4B.1

Application

(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Part applies to FOFI or a financial outlook that is disclosed by a reporting issuer.

(2) This Part does not apply to disclosure that is

(a) subject to requirements in National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities or National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects;

(b) made to comply with the conditions of any exemption from the requirements referred to in paragraph (a) that a reporting issuer received from a regulator or securities regulatory authority unless the regulator or securities regulatory authority orders that this Part applies to disclosure made under the exemption; or

(c) contained in an oral statement.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4B FOFI and Financial Outlooks
Section 4B.2

Assumptions

(1) A reporting issuer must not disclose FOFI or a financial outlook unless the FOFI or financial outlook is based on assumptions that are reasonable in the circumstances.

(2) FOFI or a financial outlook that is based on assumptions that are reasonable in the circumstances must, without limitation,

(a) be limited to a period for which the information in the FOFI or financial outlook can be reasonably estimated; and

(b) use the accounting policies the reporting issuer expects to use to prepare its historical financial statements for the period covered by the FOFI or the financial outlook.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4B FOFI and Financial Outlooks
Section 4B.3

Disclosure

In addition to the disclosure required by section 4A.3, if a reporting issuer discloses FOFI or a financial outlook, the issuer must include disclosure that

(a) states the date management approved the FOFI or financial outlook, if the document containing the FOFI or financial outlook is undated; and

(b) explains the purpose of the FOFI or financial outlook and cautions readers that the information may not be appropriate for other purposes.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.1

Filing of MD&A

(1) A reporting issuer must file MD&A relating to its annual financial statements and each interim financial report required under Part 4.

(1.1) Despite subsection (1), a reporting issuer does not have to file MD&A relating to the annual financial statements and interim financial reports required under sections 4.7 and 4.10 for financial years and interim periods that ended before the issuer became a reporting issuer.

(2) Subject to section 5.2, the MD&A required to be filed under subsection (1) must be filed on or before the earlier of

(a) the filing deadlines for the annual financial statements and each interim financial report set out in sections 4.2 and 4.4, as applicable; and

(b) the date the reporting issuer files the financial statements under subsections 4.1(1) or 4.3(1), as applicable.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.2

Filing of MD&A for SEC Issuers

(1) If an SEC issuer that is a reporting issuer is filing its annual or interim MD&A prepared in accordance with Item 303 of Regulation S-K under the 1934 Act, the SEC issuer must file that document on or before the earlier of

(a) the date the SEC issuer would be required to file that document under section 5.1; and

(b) the date the SEC issuer files that document with the SEC.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.3

Additional Disclosure for Venture Issuers without Significant Revenue

(1) A venture issuer that has not had significant revenue from operations in either of its last two financial years, must disclose in its MD&A, for each period referred to in subsection (2), a breakdown of material components of

(a) exploration and evaluation assets or expenditures;

(b) expensed research and development costs;

(c) intangible assets arising from development;

(d) general and administration expenses; and

(e) any material costs, whether expensed or recognized as assets, not referred to in paragraphs (a) through (d);

and if the venture issuer’s business primarily involves mining exploration and development, the analysis of exploration and evaluation assets or expenditures must be presented on a property-by-property basis.

(2) The disclosure in subsection (1) must be provided for the following periods:

(a) in the case of annual MD&A, for the two most recently completed financial years; and

(b) in the case of interim MD&A for an issuer that is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, for the most recent year-todate interim period and the comparative year-to-date period presented in the interim financial report.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if the information required under that subsection has been disclosed in the financial statements to which the MD&A relates.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.4

Disclosure of Outstanding Share Data

(1) A reporting issuer must disclose in its annual MD&A and, if the issuer is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, its interim MD&A, the designation and number or principal amount of

(a) each class and series of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer for which there are securities outstanding;

(b) each class and series of securities of the reporting issuer for which there are securities outstanding if the securities are convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer; and

(c) subject to subsection (2), each class and series of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer.

(2) If the exact number or principal amount of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer is not determinable, the reporting issuer must disclose the maximum number or principal amount of each class and series of voting or equity securities that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer and, if that maximum number or principal amount is not determinable, the reporting issuer must describe the exchange or conversion features and the manner in which the number or principal amount of voting or equity securities will be determined.

(3) The disclosure under subsections (1) and (2) must be prepared as of the latest practicable date.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.5

Approval of MD&A

(1) The annual MD&A that a reporting issuer is required to file under this Part must be approved by the board of directors before being filed.

(2) The interim MD&A that a reporting issuer is required to file under this Part must be approved by the board of directors before being filed.

(3) In fulfilling the requirement in subsection (2), the board of directors may delegate the approval of the interim MD&A required to be filed under this Part to the audit committee of the board of directors.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.6

Delivery of MD&A

(1) If a registered holder or beneficial owner of securities, other than debt instruments, of a reporting issuer requests the reporting issuer’s annual or interim MD&A, the reporting issuer must send a copy of the requested MD&A to the person or company that made the request, without charge, by the delivery deadline set out in subsection 4.6(3) for the annual financial statements or interim financial report to which the MD&A relates.

(2) A reporting issuer is not required to send copies of any MD&A under subsection (1) that was filed more than two years before the issuer receives the request.

(3) The requirement to send annual MD&A under subsection (1) does not apply to a reporting issuer that sends its annual MD&A to its securityholders, other than holders of debt instruments, within 140 days of the issuer’s financial year-end and in accordance with NI 54-101.

(4) If a reporting issuer sends MD&A under this section, the reporting issuer must also send, at the same time, the annual financial statements or interim financial report to which the MD&A relates.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.7

Additional Disclosure for Reporting Issuers with Significant Equity Investees

(1) A reporting issuer that has a significant equity investee must disclose in its MD&A for each period referred to in subsection (2),

(a) summarized financial information of the equity investee, including the aggregated amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and profit or loss; and

(b) the reporting issuer’s proportionate interest in the equity investee and any contingent issuance of securities by the equity investee that might significantly affect the reporting issuer’s share of profit or loss.

(2) The disclosure in subsection (1) must be provided for the following periods:

(a) in the case of annual MD&A, for the two most recently completed financial years; and

(b) in the case of interim MD&A for an issuer that is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, for the most recent year-todate interim period and the comparative year-to-date period presented in the interim financial report.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if

(a) the information required under that subsection has been disclosed in the financial statements to which the MD&A relates; or

(b) the issuer files separate financial statements of the equity investee for the periods referred to in subsection (2).


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.8

Disclosure Relating to Previously Disclosed Material Forward-Looking Information

(1) Application – This section applies to material forward-looking information that is disclosed by a reporting issuer other than

(a) forward-looking information contained in an oral statement; or

(b) disclosure that is

(i) subject to the requirements in National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities or National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects; or

(ii) made to comply with the conditions of any exemption from the requirements referred to in subparagraph (i) that a reporting issuer received from a regulator or securities regulatory authority unless the regulator or securities regulatory authority orders that this Part applies to disclosure made under the exemption.

(2) Update – A reporting issuer must discuss in its MD&A

(a) events and circumstances that occurred during the period to which the MD&A relates that are reasonably likely to cause actual results to differ materially from material forward-looking information for a period that is not yet complete that the reporting issuer previously disclosed to the public; and

(b) the expected differences referred to in paragraph (a).

(3) Exemption – Subsection (2) does not apply if the reporting issuer

(a) includes the information required by subsection (2) in a news release issued and filed by the reporting issuer before the filing of the MD&A referred to in subsection (2); and

(b) includes disclosure in the MD&A referred to in subsection (2) that

(i) identifies the news release referred to in paragraph (a);

(ii) states the date of the news release; and

(iii) states that the news release is available at www.sedar.com.

(4) Comparison to Actual – A reporting issuer must disclose and discuss in its MD&A material differences between

(a) actual results for the annual or interim period to which the MD&A relates; and

(b) any FOFI or financial outlook for the period referred to in paragraph (a) that the reporting issuer previously disclosed.

(5) Withdrawal – If during the period to which its MD&A relates, a reporting issuer decides to withdraw previously disclosed material forward-looking information,

(a) the reporting issuer must disclose in its MD&A the decision and discuss the events and circumstances that led the reporting issuer to that decision, including a discussion of the assumptions underlying the forward-looking information that are no longer valid; and

(b) subsection (4) does not apply to the reporting issuer with respect to the MD&A

(i) if the reporting issuer complies with paragraph (a); and

(ii) the MD&A is filed before the end of the period covered by the forward-looking information.

(6) Exemption – Paragraph 5(a) does not apply if the reporting issuer

(a) includes the information required by paragraph (5)(a) in a news release issued and filed by the reporting issuer before the filing of the MD&A referred to in subsection (5); and

(b) includes disclosure in the MD&A referred to in subsection (5) that

(i) identifies the news release referred to in paragraph (a);

(ii) states the date of the news release; and

(iii) states that the news release is available at www.sedar.com.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 6 Annual Information Form
Section 6.2

Filing Deadline for an AIF

An AIF required to be filed under section 6.1 must be filed,

(a) subject to paragraph (b), on or before the 90th day after the end of the reporting issuer’s most recently completed financial year; or

(b) in the case of a reporting issuer that is an SEC issuer filing its AIF on Form 10-K or Form 20-F, on or before the earlier of

(i) the 90th day after the end of the reporting issuer’s most recently completed financial year; and

(ii) the date the reporting issuer files its Form 10-K or Form 20-F with the SEC.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 7 Material Change Reports
Section 7.1

Publication of Material Change

(1) Subject to subsection (2), if a material change occurs in the affairs of a reporting issuer, the reporting issuer must

(a) immediately issue and file a news release authorized by an executive officer disclosing the nature and substance of the change; and

(b) as soon as practicable, and in any event within 10 days of the date on which the change occurs, file a Form 51-102F3 Material Change Report with respect to the material change.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if,

(a) in the opinion of the reporting issuer, and if that opinion is arrived at in a reasonable manner, the disclosure required by subsection (1) would be unduly detrimental to the interests of the reporting issuer; or

(b) the material change consists of a decision to implement a change made by senior management of the reporting issuer who believe that confirmation of the decision by the board of directors is probable, and senior management of the reporting issuer has no reason to believe that persons with knowledge of the material change have made use of that knowledge in purchasing or selling securities of the reporting issuer,

and the reporting issuer immediately files the report required under paragraph (1)(b) marked so as to indicate that it is confidential, together with written reasons for non-disclosure.

(3) [Repealed]

(4) [Repealed]

(5) If a report has been filed under subsection (2), the reporting issuer must advise the regulator or securities regulatory authority in writing if it believes the report should continue to remain confidential, within 10 days of the date of filing of the initial report and every 10 days thereafter until the material change is generally disclosed in the manner referred to in paragraph (1)(a), or, if the material change consists of a decision of the type referred to in paragraph (2)(b), until that decision has been rejected by the board of directors of the reporting issuer.

(6) Despite subsection (5), in Ontario, the reporting issuer must advise the securities regulatory authority.

(7) If a report has been filed under subsection (2), the reporting issuer must promptly generally disclose the material change in the manner referred to in subsection (1) upon the reporting issuer becoming aware, or having reasonable grounds to believe, that persons or companies are purchasing or selling securities of the reporting issuer with knowledge of the material change that has not been generally disclosed.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 8 Business Acquisition Report
Section 8.1 Interpretation and Application

acquisition of related businesses

(1) In this Part, “acquisition of related businesses” means the acquisition of two or more businesses if

(a) the businesses were under common control or management before the acquisitions were completed;

(b) each acquisition was conditional upon the completion of each other acquisition; or

(c) the acquisitions were contingent upon a single common event;


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 8 Business Acquisition Report
Section 8.2

Obligation to File a Business Acquisition Report and Filing Deadline

(1) If a reporting issuer completes a significant acquisition, as determined under section 8.3, it must file a business acquisition report within 75 days after the acquisition date.

(2) Despite subsection (1), if the most recently completed financial year of the acquired business ended 45 days or less before the acquisition date, a reporting issuer must file a business acquisition report

(a) within 90 days after the acquisition date, in the case of an issuer other than a venture issuer, or

(b) within 120 days after the acquisition date, in the case of a venture issuer.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 8 Business Acquisition Report
Section 8.3

Determination of Significance

(1) Significant Acquisitions. Subject to subsection (5) and subsections 8.10(1) and (2), an acquisition of a business or related businesses is a significant acquisition,

(a) for a reporting issuer that is not a venture issuer, if the acquisition satisfies 2 or more of the significance tests set out in subsection (2); and

(b) for a venture issuer, if the acquisition satisfies either of the significance tests set out in paragraphs (2)(a) or (b) if “30 percent” is read as “100 percent”.

(2) Required Significance Tests. For the purposes of subsection (1) and subject to subsections (4.1) and (4.2), the significance tests are:

(a) The Asset Test. The reporting issuer’s proportionate share of the consolidated assets of the business or related businesses exceeds 30 percent of the consolidated assets of the reporting issuer calculated using the audited annual financial statements of each of the reporting issuer and the business or the related businesses for the most recently completed financial year of each that ended before the acquisition date.

(b) The Investment Test. The reporting issuer’s consolidated investments in and advances to the business or related businesses as at the acquisition date exceeds 30 percent of the consolidated assets of the reporting issuer as at the last day of the most recently completed financial year of the reporting issuer ended before the acquisition date, excluding any investments in or advances to the business or related businesses as at that date.

(c) The Profit or Loss Test. The reporting issuer’s proportionate share of the consolidated specified profit or loss of the business or related businesses exceeds 30 percent of the consolidated specified profit or loss of the reporting issuer calculated using the audited annual financial statements of each of the reporting issuer and the business or related businesses for the most recently completed financial year of each ended before the acquisition date.

(3) Optional Significance Tests. Despite subsection (1) and subject to subsections 8.10(1) and 8.10(2), if an acquisition of a business or related businesses is significant based on the significance tests in subsection (2),

(a) a reporting issuer that is not a venture issuer may re-calculate the significance using the optional significance tests in subsection (4); and

(b) a venture issuer may re-calculate the significance using the optional significance tests in paragraphs (4)(a) or (b) if “30 percent” is read as “100 percent”.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3) and subject to subsections (4.1) and (4.2), the optional significance tests are:

(a) The Asset Test. The reporting issuer’s proportionate share of the consolidated assets of the business or related businesses exceeds 30 percent of the consolidated assets of the reporting issuer, calculated using the financial statements of each of the reporting issuer and the business or the related businesses for the most recently completed interim period or financial year of each, without giving effect to the acquisition.

(b) The Investment Test. The reporting issuer’s consolidated investments in and advances to the business or related businesses as at the acquisition date exceed 30 percent of the consolidated assets of the reporting issuer as at the last day of the most recently completed interim period or financial year of the reporting issuer, excluding any investments in or advances to the business or related businesses as at that date.

(c) The Profit or Loss Test. The specified profit or loss calculated under the following subparagraph (i) exceeds 30 percent of the specified profit or loss calculated under the following subparagraph (ii):

(i) the reporting issuer’s proportionate share of the consolidated specified profit or loss of the business or related businesses for the later of

(A) the most recently completed financial year of the business or related businesses; or

(B) the 12 months ended on the last day of the most recently completed interim period of the business or related businesses;

(ii) the reporting issuer’s consolidated specified profit or loss for the later of

(A) the most recently completed financial year, without giving effect to the acquisition; or

(B) the 12 months ended on the last day of the most recently completed interim period of the reporting issuer, without giving effect to the acquisition.

(4.1) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (4), the reporting issuer must not remeasure its previously held equity interest in the business or related businesses.

(4.2) For the purposes of paragraphs (2)(b) and (4)(b), the reporting issuer’s investments in and advances to the business or related businesses must include

(a) the consideration transferred for the acquisition, measured in accordance with the issuer`s gaap

(b) payments made in connection with the acquisition which do not constitute consideration transferred but which would not have been paid unless the acquisition had occurred, and

(c) contingent consideration for the acquisition measured in accordance with the issuer`s GAAP.

(5) Despite subsection (1) and for the purposes of subsection (3), an acquisition of a business or related businesses is not a significant acquisition,

(a) for a reporting issuer that is not a venture issuer, if the acquisition does not satisfy at least two of the optional significance tests under subsection (4); or

(b) for a venture issuer, if the acquisition would not satisfy the optional significance tests set out in paragraphs (4) (a) and (b) if “30 percent” were read as “100 percent”.

(6) Despite subsection (3), the significance of an acquisition of a business or related businesses may be re-calculated using financial statements for periods that ended after the acquisition date only if, after the acquisition date, the business or related businesses remained substantially intact and were not significantly reorganized, and no significant assets or liabilities were transferred to other entities.

(7) Application of the Profit or Loss Test if a Loss Occurred. For the purposes of paragraphs (2)(c) and (4)(c), if any of the reporting issuer, the business or the related businesses has incurred a loss, the significance test must be applied using the absolute value of the loss from continuing operations attributable to owners of the parent, adjusted to exclude income taxes.

(8) Application of the Profit or Loss Test if Lower Than Average Profit or Loss for the Most Recent Year. For the purposes of paragraph (2)(c) and clause (4)(c)(ii)(A), if the reporting issuer’s consolidated specified profit or loss for the most recently completed financial year was lower by 20 percent or more than its average consolidated specified profit or loss for the three most recently completed financial years, the issuer may, subject to subsection (10), substitute the average consolidated specified profit or loss for the three most recently completed financial years in determining whether the significance test set out in paragraph (2)(c) or (4)(c) is satisfied.

(9) Application of the Optional Profit or Loss Test if Lower Than Average Profit or Loss for the Most Recent Year. For the purpose of clause (4)(c)(ii)(B) if the reporting issuer’s consolidated specified profit or loss for the most recently completed 12-month period was lower by 20 percent or more than its average consolidated specified profit or loss for the three most recently completed 12-month periods, the issuer may, subject to subsection (10), substitute the average consolidated specified profit or loss for the three most recently completed 12-month periods in determining whether the significance test set out in paragraph (4)(c) is satisfied.

(10) Lower than Average Profit or Loss of the Issuer if a Loss Occurred. If the reporting issuer’s consolidated specified profit or loss for either of the two earlier financial periods referred to in subsections (8) and (9) is a loss, the reporting issuer’s specified profit or loss for that period is considered to be zero for the purposes of calculating the average consolidated specified profit or loss for the three financial periods.

(11) Application of Significance Tests—Multiple Investments in the Same Business. If a reporting issuer has made multiple investments in the same business, then for the purposes of applying subsections (2) and (4),

(a) if the initial investment and one or more incremental investments were made during the same financial year, the investments must be aggregated and tested on a combined basis;

(b) if one or more incremental investments were made in a financial year subsequent to the financial year in which an initial or incremental investment was made and the initial or previous incremental investments are reflected in audited annual financial statements of the reporting issuer previously filed, the reporting issuer must apply the significance tests set out in subsections (2) and (4) on a combined basis to the incremental investments not reflected in audited financial statements of the reporting issuer previously filed; and

(c) if one or more incremental investments were made in a financial year subsequent to the financial year in which the initial investment was made and the initial investment is not reflected in audited annual financial statements of the reporting issuer previously filed, the reporting issuer must apply the significance tests set out in subsections (2) and (4) to the initial and incremental investments on a combined basis.

(11.1) Application of the Optional Profit or Loss Test based on Pro Forma Financial Information. For the purposes of calculating the optional profit or loss test under clause (4)(c)(ii)(A), a reporting issuer may use pro forma consolidated specified profit or loss for its most recently completed financial year that was included in a previously filed document if

(a) the reporting issuer has made a significant acquisition of a business after its most recently completed financial year; and

(b) the previously filed document included

(i) audited annual financial statements of that acquired business for the periods required by this Part; and

(ii) the pro forma financial information required by subsection 8.4(5) or (6).

(12) Application of Significance Tests—Related Businesses. In determining whether an acquisition of related businesses is a significant acquisition, related businesses acquired after the ending date of the most recently filed audited annual financial statements of the reporting issuer must be considered on a combined basis.

(13) Application of Significance Tests—Accounting Principles and Currency. For the purposes of calculating the significance tests in subsections (2) and (4), the amounts used for the business or related businesses must

(a) subject to subsection (13.1), be based on the issuer`s GAAP, and

(b) be translated into the same presentation currency as that used in the reporting issuer’s financial statements.

(13.1) Application of Significance Tests—Exemption—Canadian GAAP Applicable to Private Enterprises. Paragraph 8.3(13)(a) does not apply to a venture issuer if

(a) the financial statements for the business or related businesses referred to in subsections 8.3(2) and (4)

(i) are prepared in accordance with Canadian GAAP applicable to private enterprises, and

(ii) are prepared in a manner that consolidates any subsidiaries and accounts for significantly influenced investees and joint ventures using the equity method; and

(b) none of the accounting principles described in paragraphs 3.11(1)(a) through (e) of National Instrument 52-107 Acceptable Accounting Principles and Auditing Standards were used to prepare financial statements for the business or related businesses referred to in subsections 8.3(2) and (4).

(14) Application of Significance Tests—Use of Unaudited Financial Statements. subsections (2) and (4), the significance of an acquisition of a business or related businesses may be calculated using unaudited financial statements of the business or related businesses that comply with section 3.11 of National Instrument 52-107 Acceptable Accounting Principles and Auditing Standards if the financial statements of the business or related businesses for the most recently completed financial year have not been audited.

(15) Application of Significance Tests—Use of Previous Audited Financial Statements. Despite subsections (2) and (4), the significance of an acquisition of a business or related businesses may be calculated using the audited financial statements for the financial year immediately preceding the reporting issuer’s most recently completed financial year if the reporting issuer has not been required to file, and has not filed, audited financial statements for its most recently completed financial year.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 8 Business Acquisition Report
Section 8.4

Financial Statement Disclosure for Significant Acquisitions

(1) Comparative Annual Financial Statements—If a reporting issuer is required to file a business acquisition report under section 8.2, subject to sections 8.6 through 8.11, the business acquisition report must include the following for each business or related businesses:

(a) a statement of comprehensive income, a statement of changes in equity and a statement of cash flows for the following periods:

(i) if the business has completed one financial year,

(A) the most recently completed financial year ended on or before the acquisition date; and

(B) the financial year immediately preceding the most recently completed financial year, if any; or

(ii) if the business has not completed one financial year, the financial period commencing on the date of formation and ending on a date not more than 45 days before the acquisition date;

(b) a statement of financial position as at the end of each of the periods specified in paragraph (a); and

(c) notes to the financial statements.

(2) Audit—The most recently completed financial period referred to in subsection (1) must be audited.

(3) Interim Financial Report—Subject to subsection (4) and sections 8.6 through 8.11, if a reporting issuer is required to include financial statements in a business acquisition report under subsection (1), the business acquisition report must include financial statements for

(a) the most recently completed interim period or other period that started the day after the date of the statement of financial position specified in paragraph (1)(b) and ended,

(i) in the case of an interim period, before the acquisition date; or

(ii) in the case of a period other than an interim period, after the interim period referred to in subparagraph (i) and on or before the acquisition date; and

(b) a comparable period in the preceding financial year of the business.

(3.1) Contents of Interim Financial ReportCanadian GAAP Applicable to Private Enterprises—If a reporting issuer is required under subsection (3) to include an interim financial report in a business acquisition report and the financial statements for the business or related businesses acquired are prepared in accordance with Canadian GAAP applicable to private enterprises, as permitted under National Instrument 52-107 Acceptable Accounting Principles and Auditing Standards, the interim financial report must include

(a) a balance sheet as at the end of the interim period and a balance sheet as at the end of the immediately preceding financial year, if any;

(b) an income statement, a statement of retained earnings and a cash flow statement, all for the year-to-date interim period, and comparative financial information for the corresponding interim period in the immediately preceding financial year, if any; and

(c) notes to the financial statements.

(4) Earlier Financial Statements Permitted—Despite subsection (3), the business acquisition report may include financial statements for a period ending not more than one interim period before the period referred to in subparagraph (3)(a)(i) if

(a) the business does not, or related businesses do not, constitute a material departure from the business or operations of the reporting issuer immediately before the acquisition; and

(c) either

(i) the acquisition date is, and the reporting issuer files the business acquisition report, within the following time after the business’s or related businesses’ most recently completed interim period:

(A) 45 days, if the reporting issuer is not a venture issuer; or

(B) 60 days, if the reporting issuer is a venture issuer; or

(ii) the reporting issuer filed a document before the acquisition date that included financial statements for the business or related businesses that would have been required if the document were a prospectus, and those financial statements are for a period ending not more than one interim period before the interim period referred to in subparagraph (3)(a)(i).

(5) Pro Forma Financial Statements Required in a Business Acquisition Report—If a reporting issuer other than a venture issuer is required to include financial statements in a business acquisition report under subsection (1) or (3), the business acquisition report must include

(a) a pro forma statement of financial position of the reporting issuer,

(i) as at the date of the reporting issuer’s most recent statement of financial position filed, that gives effect, as if they had taken place as at the date of the pro forma statement of financial position, to significant acquisitions that have been completed, but are not reflected in the reporting issuer’s most recent statement of financial position for an annual or interim period; or

(ii) if the reporting issuer has not filed a statement of financial position for any annual or interim period, as at the date of the acquired business’s most recent statement of financial position, that gives effect, as if they had taken place as at the date of the pro forma statement of financial position, to significant acquisitions that have been completed;

(b) a pro forma income statement of the reporting issuer that gives effect to significant acquisitions completed since the beginning of the financial year referred to in clause (i)(A) or (ii)(A), as applicable, as if they had taken place at the beginning of that financial year, for each of the following financial periods:

(i) the reporting issuer’s

(A) most recently completed financial year for which it has filed financial statements; and

(B) interim period for which it has filed an interim financial report that started after the period in clause (A) and ended immediately before the acquisition date or, in the reporting issuer’s discretion, after the acquisition date; or

(ii) if the reporting issuer has not filed a statement of comprehensive income for any annual or interim period, for the business’s or related businesses’

(A) most recently completed financial year that ended before the acquisition date; and

(B) period for which financial statements are included in the business acquisition report under paragraph (3)(a); and

(c) pro forma earnings per share based on the pro forma financial statements referred to in paragraph (b).

(6) Pro Forma Financial Statements based on Earlier Financial Statements Permitted—Despite paragraph (5)(a) and clauses (5)(b)(i)(B) and (5)(b)(ii)(B), if the reporting issuer relies on subsection (4), the business acquisition report may include

(a) a pro forma statement of financial position as at the date of the statement of financial position filed immediately before the reporting issuer’s most recent statement of financial position filed; and

(b) a pro forma income statement for the period ending not more than one interim period before the interim period referred to in clause (5)(b)(i)(B) or (5)(b)(ii)(B), as applicable.

(7) Preparation of Pro Forma Financial Statements—If a reporting issuer is required to include pro forma financial statements in a business acquisition report under subsection (5),

(a) the reporting issuer must identify in the pro forma financial statements each significant acquisition, if the pro forma financial statements give effect to more than one significant acquisition;

(b) the reporting issuer must include in the pro forma financial statements

(i) adjustments attributable to each significant acquisition for which there are firm commitments and for which the complete financial effects are objectively determinable,

(ii) adjustments to conform amounts for the business or related businesses to the issuer’s accounting policies, and

(iii) a description of the underlying assumptions on which the pro forma financial statements are prepared, cross-referenced to each related pro forma adjustment;

(c) if the financial year-end of the business differs from the reporting issuer’s year-end by more than 93 days, for the purpose of preparing the pro forma income statement for the reporting issuer’s most recently completed financial year, the reporting issuer must construct an income statement of the business for a period of 12 consecutive months ending no more than 93 days before or after the reporting issuer’s year-end, by adding the results for a subsequent interim period to a completed financial year of the business and deducting the comparable interim results for the immediately preceding year;

(d) if a constructed income statement is required under paragraph (c), the pro forma financial statements must disclose the period covered by the constructed income statement on the face of the pro forma financial statements and must include a note stating that the financial statements of the business used to prepare the pro forma financial statements were prepared for the purpose of the pro forma financial statements and do not conform with the financial statements for the business included elsewhere in the