National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.1

Filing of MD&A

(1) A reporting issuer must file MD&A relating to its annual financial statements and each interim financial report required under Part 4.

(1.1) Despite subsection (1), a reporting issuer does not have to file MD&A relating to the annual financial statements and interim financial reports required under sections 4.7 and 4.10 for financial years and interim periods that ended before the issuer became a reporting issuer.

(2) Subject to section 5.2, the MD&A required to be filed under subsection (1) must be filed on or before the earlier of

(a) the filing deadlines for the annual financial statements and each interim financial report set out in sections 4.2 and 4.4, as applicable; and

(b) the date the reporting issuer files the financial statements under subsections 4.1(1) or 4.3(1), as applicable.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.2

Filing of MD&A for SEC Issuers

(1) If an SEC issuer that is a reporting issuer is filing its annual or interim MD&A prepared in accordance with Item 303 of Regulation S-K under the 1934 Act, the SEC issuer must file that document on or before the earlier of

(a) the date the SEC issuer would be required to file that document under section 5.1; and

(b) the date the SEC issuer files that document with the SEC.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.3

Additional Disclosure for Venture Issuers without Significant Revenue

(1) A venture issuer that has not had significant revenue from operations in either of its last two financial years, must disclose in its MD&A, for each period referred to in subsection (2), a breakdown of material components of

(a) exploration and evaluation assets or expenditures;

(b) expensed research and development costs;

(c) intangible assets arising from development;

(d) general and administration expenses; and

(e) any material costs, whether expensed or recognized as assets, not referred to in paragraphs (a) through (d);

and if the venture issuer’s business primarily involves mining exploration and development, the analysis of exploration and evaluation assets or expenditures must be presented on a property-by-property basis.

(2) The disclosure in subsection (1) must be provided for the following periods:

(a) in the case of annual MD&A, for the two most recently completed financial years; and

(b) in the case of interim MD&A for an issuer that is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, for the most recent year-todate interim period and the comparative year-to-date period presented in the interim financial report.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if the information required under that subsection has been disclosed in the financial statements to which the MD&A relates.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.4

Disclosure of Outstanding Share Data

(1) A reporting issuer must disclose in its annual MD&A and, if the issuer is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, its interim MD&A, the designation and number or principal amount of

(a) each class and series of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer for which there are securities outstanding;

(b) each class and series of securities of the reporting issuer for which there are securities outstanding if the securities are convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer; and

(c) subject to subsection (2), each class and series of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer.

(2) If the exact number or principal amount of voting or equity securities of the reporting issuer that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer is not determinable, the reporting issuer must disclose the maximum number or principal amount of each class and series of voting or equity securities that are issuable on the conversion, exercise or exchange of outstanding securities of the reporting issuer and, if that maximum number or principal amount is not determinable, the reporting issuer must describe the exchange or conversion features and the manner in which the number or principal amount of voting or equity securities will be determined.

(3) The disclosure under subsections (1) and (2) must be prepared as of the latest practicable date.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.5

Approval of MD&A

(1) The annual MD&A that a reporting issuer is required to file under this Part must be approved by the board of directors before being filed.

(2) The interim MD&A that a reporting issuer is required to file under this Part must be approved by the board of directors before being filed.

(3) In fulfilling the requirement in subsection (2), the board of directors may delegate the approval of the interim MD&A required to be filed under this Part to the audit committee of the board of directors.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.6

Delivery of MD&A

(1) If a registered holder or beneficial owner of securities, other than debt instruments, of a reporting issuer requests the reporting issuer’s annual or interim MD&A, the reporting issuer must send a copy of the requested MD&A to the person or company that made the request, without charge, by the delivery deadline set out in subsection 4.6(3) for the annual financial statements or interim financial report to which the MD&A relates.

(2) A reporting issuer is not required to send copies of any MD&A under subsection (1) that was filed more than two years before the issuer receives the request.

(3) The requirement to send annual MD&A under subsection (1) does not apply to a reporting issuer that sends its annual MD&A to its securityholders, other than holders of debt instruments, within 140 days of the issuer’s financial year-end and in accordance with NI 54-101.

(4) If a reporting issuer sends MD&A under this section, the reporting issuer must also send, at the same time, the annual financial statements or interim financial report to which the MD&A relates.


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.7

Additional Disclosure for Reporting Issuers with Significant Equity Investees

(1) A reporting issuer that has a significant equity investee must disclose in its MD&A for each period referred to in subsection (2),

(a) summarized financial information of the equity investee, including the aggregated amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and profit or loss; and

(b) the reporting issuer’s proportionate interest in the equity investee and any contingent issuance of securities by the equity investee that might significantly affect the reporting issuer’s share of profit or loss.

(2) The disclosure in subsection (1) must be provided for the following periods:

(a) in the case of annual MD&A, for the two most recently completed financial years; and

(b) in the case of interim MD&A for an issuer that is not providing disclosure in accordance with section 2.2.1 of Form 51-102F1, for the most recent year-todate interim period and the comparative year-to-date period presented in the interim financial report.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if

(a) the information required under that subsection has been disclosed in the financial statements to which the MD&A relates; or

(b) the issuer files separate financial statements of the equity investee for the periods referred to in subsection (2).


National Instrument 51-102 Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 5 Management's Discussion and Analysis
Section 5.8

Disclosure Relating to Previously Disclosed Material Forward-Looking Information

(1) Application – This section applies to material forward-looking information that is disclosed by a reporting issuer other than

(a) forward-looking information contained in an oral statement; or

(b) disclosure that is

(i) subject to the requirements in National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities or National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects; or

(ii) made to comply with the conditions of any exemption from the requirements referred to in subparagraph (i) that a reporting issuer received from a regulator or securities regulatory authority unless the regulator or securities regulatory authority orders that this Part applies to disclosure made under the exemption.

(2) Update – A reporting issuer must discuss in its MD&A

(a) events and circumstances that occurred during the period to which the MD&A relates that are reasonably likely to cause actual results to differ materially from material forward-looking information for a period that is not yet complete that the reporting issuer previously disclosed to the public; and

(b) the expected differences referred to in paragraph (a).

(3) Exemption – Subsection (2) does not apply if the reporting issuer

(a) includes the information required by subsection (2) in a news release issued and filed by the reporting issuer before the filing of the MD&A referred to in subsection (2); and

(b) includes disclosure in the MD&A referred to in subsection (2) that

(i) identifies the news release referred to in paragraph (a);

(ii) states the date of the news release; and

(iii) states that the news release is available at www.sedar.com.

(4) Comparison to Actual – A reporting issuer must disclose and discuss in its MD&A material differences between

(a) actual results for the annual or interim period to which the MD&A relates; and

(b) any FOFI or financial outlook for the period referred to in paragraph (a) that the reporting issuer previously disclosed.

(5) Withdrawal – If during the period to which its MD&A relates, a reporting issuer decides to withdraw previously disclosed material forward-looking information,

(a) the reporting issuer must disclose in its MD&A the decision and discuss the events and circumstances that led the reporting issuer to that decision, including a discussion of the assumptions underlying the forward-looking information that are no longer valid; and

(b) subsection (4) does not apply to the reporting issuer with respect to the MD&A

(i) if the reporting issuer complies with paragraph (a); and

(ii) the MD&A is filed before the end of the period covered by the forward-looking information.

(6) Exemption – Paragraph 5(a) does not apply if the reporting issuer

(a) includes the information required by paragraph (5)(a) in a news release issued and filed by the reporting issuer before the filing of the MD&A referred to in subsection (5); and

(b) includes disclosure in the MD&A referred to in subsection (5) that

(i) identifies the news release referred to in paragraph (a);

(ii) states the date of the news release; and

(iii) states that the news release is available at www.sedar.com.