Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

associated entity

In this Instrument

“associated entity”, when used to indicate a relationship with a person, means

(a) an issuer of which the person beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, voting securities entitling the person to more than 10% of the voting rights attached to outstanding securities of the issuer,

(b) any partner of the person,

(c) any trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or in respect of which a person serves as trustee or in a similar capacity,

(d) a relative of that person, including

(i) the spouse, or

(ii) a relative of the person’s spouse

if the relative has the same home as that person;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

bona fide lender

In this Instrument

“bona fide lender” means a person that

(a) is an issuer insider of an issuer solely through the holding of, or the exercise of control or direction over, securities used as collateral for a debt under a written agreement entered into by the person as a lender, assignee, transferee or participant,

(b) is not yet legally entitled to dispose of the securities for the purpose of applying proceeds of realization in repayment of the secured debt, and

(c) was not a related party of the issuer at the time the agreement referred to in paragraph (a) was entered into;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions

business combination

In this Instrument

“business combination” means, for an issuer, an amalgamation, arrangement, consolidation, amendment to the terms of a class of equity securities or any other transaction of the issuer, as a consequence of which the interest of a holder of an equity security of the issuer may be terminated without the holder’s consent, regardless of whether the equity security is replaced with another security, but does not include

(a) an acquisition of an equity security of the issuer under a statutory right of compulsory acquisition or, if the issuer is not a corporation, under provisions substantially equivalent to those comprising section 206 of the CBCA,

(b) a consolidation of securities that does not have the effect of terminating the interests of holders of equity securities of the issuer in those securities without their consent, through the elimination of post-consolidated fractional interests or otherwise, except to an extent that is nominal in the circumstances,

(c) a termination of a holder’s interest in a security, under the terms attached to the security, for the purpose of enforcing an ownership or voting constraint that is necessary to enable the issuer to comply with legislation, lawfully engage in a particular activity or have a specified level of Canadian ownership,

(d) a downstream transaction for the issuer, or

(e) a transaction in which no person that is a related party of the issuer at the time the transaction is agreed to

(i) would, as a consequence of the transaction, directly or indirectly acquire the issuer or the business of the issuer, or combine with the issuer, through an amalgamation, arrangement or otherwise, whether alone or with joint actors,

(ii) is a party to any connected transaction to the transaction, or

(iii) is entitled to receive, directly or indirectly, as a consequence of the transaction

(A) consideration per equity security that is not identical in amount and form to the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of securities of the same class,

(B) a collateral benefit, or Unofficial Consolidation “ May 9, 2016″

(C) consideration for securities of a class of equity securities of the issuer if the issuer has more than one outstanding class of equity securities, unless that consideration is not greater than the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of every other class of equity securities of the issuer in relation to the voting and financial participating interests in the issuer represented by the respective securities;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

collateral benefit

In this Instrument

“collateral benefit”, for a transaction of an issuer or for a bid for securities of an issuer, means any benefit that a related party of the issuer is entitled to receive, directly or indirectly, as a consequence of the transaction or bid, including, without limitation, an increase in salary, a lump sum payment, a payment for surrendering securities, or other enhancement in benefits related to past or future services as an employee, director or consultant of the issuer or of another person, regardless of the existence of any offsetting costs to the related party or whether the benefit is provided, or agreed to, by the issuer, another party to the transaction or the offeror in the bid, but does not include

(a) a payment or distribution per equity security that is identical in amount and form to the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of securities of the same class,

(b) an enhancement of employee benefits resulting from participation by the related party in a group plan, other than an incentive plan, for employees of a successor to the business of the issuer, if the benefits provided by the group plan are generally provided to employees of the successor to the business of the issuer who hold positions of a similar nature to the position held by the related party, or

(c) a benefit, not described in paragraph (b), that is received solely in connection with the related party’s services as an employee, director or consultant of the issuer, of an affiliated entity of the issuer or of a successor to the business of the issuer, if

(i) the benefit is not conferred for the purpose, in whole or in part, of increasing the value of the consideration paid to the related party for securities relinquished under the transaction or bid,

(ii) the conferring of the benefit is not, by its terms, conditional on the related party supporting the transaction or bid in any manner,

(iii) full particulars of the benefit are disclosed in the disclosure document for the transaction, or in the directors’ circular in the case of a take-over bid, and

(iv)

(A) at the time the transaction is agreed to or the bid is publicly announced, the related party and its associated entities beneficially own or exercise control or direction over less than one per cent of the outstanding securities of each class of equity securities of the issuer, or

(B) if the transaction is a business combination for the issuer or a bid for securities of the issuer,

(I) the related party discloses to an independent committee of the issuer the amount of consideration that the related party expects it will be beneficially entitled to receive, under the terms of the transaction or bid, in exchange for the equity securities beneficially owned by the related party,

(II) the independent committee, acting in good faith, determines that the value of the benefit, net of any offsetting costs to the related party, is less than five per cent of the value referred to in subclause (I), and

(III) the independent committee’s determination is disclosed in the disclosure document for the transaction, or in the directors’ circular in the case of a take-over bid;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

connected transactions

In this Instrument

“connected transactions” means two or more transactions that have at least one party in common, directly or indirectly, other than transactions related solely to services as an employee, director or consultant, and

(a) are negotiated or completed at approximately the same time, or

(b) the completion of at least one of the transactions is conditional on the completion of each of the other transactions;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

consultant

In this Instrument

“consultant” means, for an issuer, a person, other than an employee or senior officer of the issuer or of an affiliated entity of the issuer, that

(a) is engaged to provide services to the issuer or an affiliated entity of the issuer, other than services provided in relation to a distribution,

(b) provides the services under a written contract with the issuer or an affiliated entity of the issuer, and

(c) spends or will spend a significant amount of time and attention of the affairs and business of the issuer or an affiliated entity or the issuer

and includes, for an individual consultant a corporation of which the individual consultant is an employee or shareholder, and a partnership of which the individual consultant is an employee or partner;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1 Definitions

disclosure document

In this Instrument

“disclosure document” means

(a) for a take-over bid including an insider bid, a take-over bid circular sent to holders of offeree securities,

(b) for an issuer bid, an issuer bid circular sent to holders of offeree securities, and

(c) for a business combination or a related party transaction,

(i) an information circular sent to holders of affected securities,

(ii) if no information circular is required, another document sent to holders of affected securities in connection with a meeting of holders of affected securities, or

(iii) if no information circular or other document referred to in subparagraph (ii) is required, a material change report filed for the transaction;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

downstream transaction

In this Instrument

“downstream transaction” means, for an issuer, a transaction between the issuer and a related party of the issuer if, at the time the transaction is agreed to

(a) the issuer is a control person of the related party, and

(b) to the knowledge of the issuer after reasonable inquiry, no related party of the issuer, other than a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of the issuer, beneficially owns or exercises control or direction over, other than through its interest in the issuer, more than five per cent of any class of voting or equity securities of the related party that is a party to the transaction;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

freely tradeable

In this Instrument

“freely tradeable” means, for securities, that

(a) the securities are transferable,

(b) the securities are not subject to any escrow requirements,

(c) the securities do not form part of the holdings of any control person,

(d) the securities are not subject to any cease trade order imposed by a securities regulatory authority,

(e) all hold periods imposed by securities legislation before the securities can be traded without a prospectus or in reliance on a prospectus exemption have expired, and

(f) any period of time imposed by securities legislation for which the issuer has to have been a reporting issuer in a jurisdiction before the securities can be traded without a prospectus or in reliance on a prospectus exemption has passed;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

insider bid

In this Instrument

“insider bid” means a take-over bid made by

(a) an issuer insider of the offeree issuer,

(b) an associated or affiliated entity of an issuer insider of the offeree issuer,

(c) an associated or affiliated entity of the offeree issuer,

(d) a person described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) at any time within 12 months preceding the commencement of the bid, or

(e) a joint actor with a person referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d);


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

interested party

In this Instrument

“interested party” means

(a) for a take-over bid including an insider bid, the offeror or a joint actor with the offeror,

(b) for an issuer bid

(i) the issuer, and

(ii) any control person of the issuer, or any person that would reasonably be expected to be a control person of the issuer upon successful completion of the issuer bid,

(c) for a business combination, a related party of the issuer at the time the transaction is agreed to, if the related party

(i) would, as a consequence of the transaction, directly or indirectly acquire the issuer or the business of the issuer, or combine with the issuer, through an amalgamation, arrangement or otherwise, whether alone or with joint actors,

(ii) is a party to any connected transaction to the business combination, or

(iii) is entitled to receive, directly or indirectly, as a consequence of the transaction

(A) consideration per affected security that is not identical in amount and form to the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of securities of the same class,

(B) a collateral benefit, or

(C) consideration for securities of a class of equity securities of the issuer if the issuer has more than one outstanding class of equity securities, unless that consideration is not greater than the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of every other class of equity securities of the issuer in relation to the voting and financial participating interests in the issuer represented by the respective securities, and

(d) for a related party transaction, a related party of the issuer at the time the transaction is agreed to, if the related party

(i) is a party to the transaction, unless it is a party only in its capacity as a holder of affected securities and is treated identically to the general body of holders in Canada of securities of the same class on a per security basis, or

(ii) is entitled to receive, directly or indirectly, as a consequence of the transaction

(A) a collateral benefit, or

(B) a payment or distribution made to one or more holders of a class of equity securities of the issuer if the issuer has more than one outstanding class of equity securities, unless the amount of that payment or distribution is not greater than the entitlement of the general body of holders in Canada of every other class of equity securities of the issuer in relation to the voting and financial participating interests in the issuer represented by the respective securities;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

issuer insider

In this Instrument

“issuer insider” means, for an issuer

(a) a director or senior officer of the issuer,

(b) a director or senior officer of a person that is itself an issuer insider or subsidiary entity of the issuer, or

(c) a person that has

(i) beneficial ownership of, or control or direction over, directly or indirectly, or

(ii) a combination of beneficial ownership of, and control or direction over, directly or indirectly,

securities of the issuer carrying more than 10% of the voting rights attached to all the issuer’s outstanding voting securities;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

joint actors

In this Instrument

“joint actors”, when used to describe the relationship among two or more persons, means persons “acting jointly or in concert” as determined in accordance with section 1.9 of National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids, with necessary modifications where the term is used in the context of a transaction that is not a take-over bid or issuer bid, but a security holder is not considered to be a joint actor with an offeror making a bid, or with a person involved in a business combination or related party transaction, solely because there is an agreement, commitment or understanding that the security holder will tender to the bid or vote in favour of the transaction;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

market capitalization

In this Instrument

“market capitalization” of an issuer means, for a transaction, the aggregate market price of all outstanding securities of all classes of equity securities of the issuer, the market price of the outstanding securities of a class being

(a) in the case of equity securities of a class for which there is a published market, the product of

(i) the number of securities of the class outstanding as of the close of business on the last business day of the calendar month preceding the calendar month in which the transaction is agreed to or, if no securities of the class were outstanding on that day, on the first business day after that day that securities of the class became outstanding, so long as that day precedes the date the transaction is agreed to, and

(ii) the market price of the securities at the time referred to in subparagraph (i), on the published market on which the class of securities is principally traded, as determined in accordance with subsections 1.11 (1), (2) and (3) of National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids,

(b) in the case of equity securities of a class for which there is no published market but that are currently convertible into a class of equity securities for which there is a published market, the product of

(i) the number of equity securities into which the convertible securities were convertible as of the close of business on the last business day of the calendar month preceding the calendar month in which the transaction is agreed to or, if no convertible securities were outstanding or convertible on that day, on the first business day after that day that the convertible securities became outstanding or convertible, so long as that day precedes the date the transaction is agreed to, and

(ii) the market price of the securities into which the convertible securities were convertible, at the time referred to in subparagraph (i), on the published market on which the class of securities is principally traded, as determined in accordance with subsections 1.11 (1), (2) and (3) of National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids, and

(c) in the case of equity securities of a class not referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), the amount determined by the issuer’s board of directors in good faith to represent the fair market value of the outstanding securities of that class;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

minority approval

In this Instrument

“minority approval” means, for a business combination or related party transaction of an issuer, approval of the proposed transaction by a majority of the votes as specified in Part 8, cast by holders of each class of affected securities at a meeting of security holders of that class called to consider the transaction;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

person

In this Instrument

“person” in Ontario, includes

(a) an individual,

(b) a corporation,

(c) a partnership, trust, fund and an association, syndicate, organization or other organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, and

(d) an individual or other person in that person’s capacity as a trustee, executor, administrator or personal or other legal representative;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

prior valuation

In this Instrument

“prior valuation” means a valuation or appraisal of an issuer or its securities or material assets, whether or not prepared by an independent valuator, that, if disclosed, would reasonably be expected to affect the decision of a security holder to vote for or against a transaction, or to retain or dispose of affected securities or offeree securities, other than

(a) a report of a valuation or appraisal prepared by a person other than the issuer, if

(i) the report was not solicited by the issuer, and

(ii) the person preparing the report did so without knowledge of any material information concerning the issuer, its securities or any of its material assets, that had not been generally disclosed at the time the report was prepared,

(b) an internal valuation or appraisal prepared for the issuer in the ordinary course of business that has not been made available to, and has been prepared without the participation of

(i) the board of directors of the issuer, or

(ii) any director or senior officer of an interested party, except a senior officer of the issuer in the case of an issuer bid,

(c) a report of a market analyst or financial analyst that

(i) has been prepared by or for and at the expense of a person other than the issuer, an interested party, or an associated or affiliated entity of the issuer or an interested party, and

(ii) is either generally available to clients of the analyst or of the analyst’s employer or of an associated or affiliated entity of the analyst’s employer or, if not, is not based, so far as the person required to disclose a prior valuation is aware, on any material information concerning the issuer, its securities or any of its material assets, that had not been generally disclosed at the time the report was prepared,

(d) a valuation or appraisal prepared by a person or a person retained by that person, for the purpose of assisting the person in determining the price at which to propose a transaction that resulted in the person becoming an issuer insider, if the valuation or appraisal is not made available to any of the independent directors of the issuer, or

(e) a valuation or appraisal prepared by an interested party or a person retained by the interested party, for the purpose of assisting the interested party in determining the price at which to propose a transaction that, if pursued, would be an insider bid, business combination or related party transaction, if the valuation or appraisal is not made available to any of the independent directors of the issuer;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

published market

In this Instrument

“published market” means, with respect to any class of securities, a market in Canada or outside of Canada on which the securities are traded, if the prices at which they have been traded on that market are regularly

(a) disseminated electronically, or

(b) published in a newspaper or business or financial publication of general and regular paid circulation;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

related party

In this Instrument

“related party” of an entity means a person, other than a person that is solely a bona fide lender, that, at the relevant time and after reasonable inquiry, is known by the entity or a director or senior officer of the entity to be

(a) a control person of the entity,

(b) a person of which a person referred to in paragraph (a) is a control person,

(c) a person of which the entity is a control person,

(d) a person that has

(i) beneficial ownership of, or control or direction over, directly or indirectly, or

(ii) a combination of beneficial ownership of, and control or direction over, directly or indirectly, securities of the entity carrying more than 10% of the voting rights attached to all the entity’s outstanding voting securities,

(e) a director or senior officer of

(i) the entity, or

(ii) a person described in any other paragraph of this definition,

(f) a person that manages or directs, to any substantial degree, the affairs or operations of the entity under an agreement, arrangement or understanding between the person and the entity, including the general partner of an entity that is a limited partnership, but excluding a person acting under bankruptcy or insolvency law,

(g) a person of which persons described in any paragraph of this definition beneficially own, in the aggregate, more than 50 per cent of the securities of any outstanding class of equity securities, or

(h) an affiliated entity of any person described in any other paragraph of this definition;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

related party transaction

In this Instrument

“related party transaction” means, for an issuer, a transaction between the issuer and a person that is a related party of the issuer at the time the transaction is agreed to, whether or not there are also other parties to the transaction, as a consequence of which, either through the transaction itself or together with connected transactions, the issuer directly or indirectly

(a) purchases or acquires an asset from the related party for valuable consideration,

(b) purchases or acquires, as a joint actor with the related party, an asset from a third party if the proportion of the asset acquired by the issuer is less than the proportion of the consideration paid by the issuer,

(c) sells, transfers or disposes of an asset to the related party,

(d) sells, transfers or disposes of, as a joint actor with the related party, an asset to a third party if the proportion of the consideration received by the issuer is less than the proportion of the asset sold, transferred or disposed of by the issuer,

(e) leases property to or from the related party,

(f) acquires the related party, or combines with the related party, through an amalgamation, arrangement or otherwise, whether alone or with joint actors,

(g) issues a security to the related party or subscribes for a security of the related party,

(h) amends the terms of a security of the issuer if the security is beneficially owned, or is one over which control or direction is exercised, by the related party, or agrees to the amendment of the terms of a security of the related party if the security is beneficially owned by the issuer or is one over which the issuer exercises control or direction,

(i) assumes or otherwise becomes subject to a liability of the related party,

(j) borrows money from or lends money to the related party, or enters into a credit facility with the related party,

(k) releases, cancels or forgives a debt or liability owed by the related party,

(l) materially amends the terms of an outstanding debt or liability owed by or to the related party, or the terms of an outstanding credit facility with the related party, or

(m) provides a guarantee or collateral security for a debt or liability of the related party, or materially amends the terms of the guarantee or security;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1

senior officer

In this Instrument

“senior officer” means the chair or a vice-chair of the board of directors, a president, a vice-president, the secretary, the treasurer or the general manager of an issuer or any other individual who performs functions for an issuer similar to those normally performed by an individual occupying any such office, and for an issuer that is a limited partnership, includes a senior officer of the general partner of the issuer;


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.2

Liquid Market

(1) For the purposes of this Instrument, a liquid market in a class of securities of an issuer in respect of a transaction exists at a particular time only if

(a) there is a published market for the class of securities,

(i) during the period of 12 months before the date the transaction is agreed to in the case of a business combination, or 12 months before the date the transaction is publicly announced in the case of an insider bid or issuer bid

(A) the number of outstanding securities of the class was at all times at least 5,000,000, excluding securities beneficially owned, or over which control or direction was exercised, by related parties and securities that were not freely tradeable,

(B) the aggregate trading volume of the class of securities on the published market on which the class was principally traded was at least 1,000,000 securities,

(C) there were at least 1,000 trades in securities of the class on the published market on which the class was principally traded, and

(D) the aggregate value of the trades in securities of the class on the published market on which the class was principally traded was at least $15,000,000, and

(ii) the market value of the class of securities on the published market on which the class was principally traded, as determined in accordance with subsection (2), was at least $75,000,000 for the calendar month preceding the calendar month

(A) in which the transaction is agreed to, in the case of a business combination, or

(B) in which the transaction is publicly announced, in the case of an insider bid or issuer bid, or

(b) if the test set out in paragraph (a) is not met and there is a published market for the class of securities,

(i) a person that is qualified and independent of all interested parties to the transaction, as determined on the same basis applicable to a valuator preparing a formal valuation under section 6.1, provides an opinion to the issuer that there is a liquid market in the class at the date the transaction is agreed to in the case of a business combination, or at the date the transaction is publicly announced in the case of an insider bid or issuer bid,

(ii) the opinion is included in the disclosure document for the transaction, and

(iii) the disclosure document for the transaction includes the same disclosure regarding the person providing the opinion as is required for a valuator under section 6.2.

(2) For the purpose of determining whether an issuer satisfies the market value requirement of subparagraph (1)(a)(ii), the market value of a class of securities for a calendar month is calculated by multiplying

(a) the number of securities of the class outstanding as of the close of business on the last business day of the calendar month, excluding securities beneficially owned, or over which control or direction was exercised, by related parties of the issuer and securities that were not freely tradeable, by

(b) the arithmetic average of the closing prices of the securities of that class on the published market on which that class was principally traded for each of the trading days during the calendar month, if the published market provides a closing price for the securities, or

(c) the arithmetic average of the simple averages of the highest and lowest prices of the securities of that class on the published market on which that class was principally traded for each of the trading days for which the securities traded during the calendar month, if the published market does not provide a closing price, but provides only the highest and lowest prices of securities traded on a particular day.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.3

Transactions by Wholly-Owned Subsidiary Entity

For the purposes of this Instrument, a transaction of a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of an issuer is deemed to be also a transaction of the issuer, and, for greater certainty, a bid made by a wholly-owned subsidiary entity of an issuer for securities of the issuer is deemed to be also an issuer bid made by the issuer.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.4

Transactions by Underlying Operating Entity of Income Trust

For the purposes of this Instrument, a transaction of an underlying operating entity of an income trust within the meaning of National Policy 41-201 Income Trusts and Other Indirect Offerings is deemed to be a transaction of the income trust, and a related party of the underlying operating entity is deemed to be a related party of the income trust.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.5

Redeemable Securities as Consideration in Business Combination

For the purposes of this Instrument, if all or part of the consideration that holders of affected securities receive in a business combination consists of securities that are redeemed for cash within seven days of their issuance, the cash proceeds of the redemption, rather than the redeemed securities, are deemed to be consideration that the holders of the affected securities receive in the business combination.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.6

Beneficial Ownership

(1) Despite any other provision in securities legislation, for the purposes of this Instrument,

(a) a person is deemed to own beneficially securities beneficially owned by a person it controls or by an affiliated entity of the controlled person if the affiliated entity is a subsidiary entity of the controlled person,

(b) a person is deemed to own beneficially securities beneficially owned by its affiliated entity if the affiliated entity is a subsidiary entity of the person,

(2) For the purposes of the definitions of collateral benefit, control person, downstream transaction and related party, in determining beneficial ownership, the provisions of section 1.8 of National Instrument 62-104 Take-Over Bids and Issuer Bids apply.

(3) In Québec, for the purposes of this Instrument, a person that beneficially owns securities means a person that owns the securities or that holds securities registered under the name of an intermediary acting as nominee, including a trustee or agent.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.7

Control

For the purposes of the definition of “subsidiary entity”, a person controls a second person if

(a) the person, directly or indirectly, beneficially owns or exercises control or direction over securities of the second person carrying votes which, if exercised, would entitle the person to elect a majority of the directors of the second person, unless the person beneficially owns or exercises control or direction over voting securities only to secure an obligation,

(b) the second person is a partnership, the person beneficially owns or exercises control or direction over more than 50 per cent of the interests in the partnership, or

(c) the second person is a limited partnership, the person is the general partner of the limited partnership or the control person of the general partner.