Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.1

Application

Section 4A.1 of the Instrument indicates that Part 4A applies to forward-looking information that is disclosed by a reporting issuer other than forward-looking information contained in oral statements. Reporting issuers should consider broadly the various instances of forward-looking information made available to the public in considering the scope of forward-looking information that is disclosed. This includes, but is not limited to:


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.2

Reasonable Basis

Section 4A.2 of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to have a reasonable basis for any forward-looking information it discloses. When interpreting “reasonable basis”, reporting issuers should consider:

(a) the reasonableness of the assumptions underlying the forward-looking information; and

(b) the process followed in preparing and reviewing forward-looking information.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.3

Material Forward-Looking Information

Section 4A.3 and section 5.8 of the Instrument require a reporting issuer to include specified disclosure in material forward-looking information it discloses. Reporting issuers should exercise judgement when determining whether information is material. If a reasonable investor’s decision whether or not to buy, sell or hold securities of the reporting issuer would be influenced or changed if the information were omitted or misstated, then the information is likely material.

Section 1.1 contains definitions of the terms “financial outlook” and “FOFI.” We consider FOFI and most financial outlooks to be material forward-looking information. Examples of financial outlooks include expected revenue, profit or loss, earnings per share and R&D spending. A financial outlook relating to profit or loss is commonly referred to as “earnings guidance.”

An example of forward-looking information that is not a financial outlook or FOFI would be an estimate of future store openings by an issuer in the retail industry. This type of information may or may not be material, depending on whether a reasonable investor’s decision whether or not to buy, sell or hold securities of that issuer would be influenced or changed if the information were omitted or misstated.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.4

Location of Disclosure

Section 4A.3 of the Instrument requires that any material forward-looking information include specified disclosure. This disclosure should be presented in a manner that allows an investor who reads the document or other material containing the forward-looking information to be able to readily:

(a) understand that the forward-looking information is being provided in the document or other material;

(b) identify the forward-looking information; and

(c) inform himself or herself of the material assumptions underlying the forwardlooking information and the material risk factors associated with the forwardlooking information.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.5

Disclosure of Cautionary Language and Material Risk Factors

(1) Paragraph 4A.3(b) of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to accompany any material forward-looking information with disclosure that cautions users that actual results may vary from the forward-looking information and identifies material risk factors that could cause material variation. The material risk factors identified in the cautionary language should be relevant to the forward-looking information and the disclosure should not be boilerplate in nature.

(2) The cautionary statements required by paragraph 4A.3(b) of the Instrument should identify significant and reasonably foreseeable factors that could reasonably be expected to cause results to differ materially from those projected in the material forward-looking statement. Reporting issuers should not interpret this as requiring a reporting issuer to anticipate and discuss everything that could conceivably cause results to differ.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.6

Disclosure of Material Factors or Assumptions

Paragraph 4A.3(c) of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to disclose the material factors or assumptions used to develop material forward-looking information. The factors or assumptions should be relevant to the forward-looking information. Disclosure of material factors or assumptions does not require an exhaustive statement of every factor or assumption applied – a materiality standard applies.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.7

Date of Assumptions

Management of a reporting issuer that discloses material forward-looking information should satisfy itself that the assumptions are appropriate as of the date management discloses the material forward-looking information even though the material forwardlooking information may have been prepared at an earlier time, and may be based on information accumulated over a period of time.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 4A Forward-Looking Information
Section 4A.8

Time Period

Paragraph 4B.2(2)(a) of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to limit the period covered by FOFI or a financial outlook to a period for which the information can be reasonably estimated. In many cases that time period will not go beyond the end of the reporting issuer’s next fiscal year. Some of the factors a reporting issuer should consider include the reporting issuer’s ability to make appropriate assumptions, the nature of the reporting issuer’s industry, and the reporting issuer’s operating cycle.