Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.1

Financial Year

(1) Length of Financial Year – For the purposes of the Instrument, unless otherwise expressly provided, references to a financial year apply irrespective of the length of that year. The first financial year of a reporting issuer commences on the date of its incorporation or organization and ends at the close of that year.

(2) Non-Standard Year – An issuer with a non-standard year should advise the regulator or securities regulatory authority how it calculates its interim and annual periods before its first financial statements are due under the Instrument.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.2

Audit of Comparative Annual Financial Statements

Section 4.1 of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to file annual financial statements that include comparative information for the immediately preceding financial year and that are audited. The auditor’s report must cover both the most recently completed financial year and the comparative period, except if the issuer changed its auditor during the periods presented in the annual financial statements and the new auditor has not audited the comparative period. In this situation, the auditor’s report would normally refer to the predecessor auditor’s report unless the predecessor auditor’s report on the prior period’s annual financial statements is reissued with the financial statements. This is consistent with Canadian Auditing Standard 710 Comparative Information – Corresponding Figures and Comparative Financial Statements.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.3

Filing Deadline for Annual Financial Statements and Auditor’s Report

Section 4.2 of the Instrument sets out filing deadlines for annual financial statements. While section 4.2 of the Instrument does not address the auditor’s report date, reporting issuers are encouraged to file their annual financial statements as soon as practicable after the date of the auditor’s report. The delivery obligations set out in section 4.6 of the Instrument are not tied to the filing of the annual financial statements.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.4

Auditor Involvement with an Interim Financial Report

(1) The board of directors of a reporting issuer, in discharging its responsibilities for ensuring the reliability of an interim financial report, should consider engaging an external auditor to carry out a review of the interim financial report.

(2) Subsection 4.3(3) of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to disclose if an auditor has not performed a review of the interim financial report, to disclose if an auditor was unable to complete a review and why, and to file a written report from the auditor if the auditor has performed a review and expressed a reservation in the auditor’s interim review report. No positive statement is required when an auditor has performed a review and provided an unqualified communication. If an auditor was engaged to perform a review on an interim financial report applying review standards set out in the Handbook, and the auditor was unable to complete the review, the issuer’s disclosure of the reasons why the auditor was unable to complete the review would normally include a discussion of

(a) inadequate internal control;

(b) a limitation on the scope of the auditor’s work; or

(c) the failure of management to provide the auditor with the written representations the auditor believes are necessary.

(3) If a reporting issuer’s annual financial statements are audited in accordance with Canadian GAAS, the terms review” and “interim review report” used in subsection 4.3(3) of the Instrument refer to the auditor’s review of


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.5

Delivery of Financial Statements and Paper Copies of Information Circulars

(1) Subsection 4.6(1) of the Instrument requires reporting issuers to send a request form to the registered holders and beneficial owners of their securities, other than debt instruments. The registered holders and beneficial owners may use the request form to request a paper copy of the reporting issuer’s annual financial statements and related MD&A, interim financial reports and related MD&A, or both. In addition, the request form also may (but is not required to) be used to request a paper copy of the information circular and annual financial statements and related MD&A where a reporting issuer uses notice-and-access to deliver proxy-related materials. Reporting issuers are only required to deliver financial statements and MD&A to the person or company that requests them. As a result, if a beneficial owner requests financial statements and MD&A through its intermediary, the issuer is only required to deliver the requested documents to the intermediary.

Failing to return the request form or otherwise specifically request a copy of the financial statements or MD&A from the reporting issuer will override the beneficial owner’s standing instructions under NI 54-101 in respect of the financial statements.

The Instrument does not prescribe when the request form must be sent, or how it must be returned to the reporting issuer.

(2) Subsection 4.6(5) provides that subsection 4.6(1) and the requirement to send annual financial statements under subsection 4.6(3) do not apply to a reporting issuer that sends its annual financial statements to its securityholders, other than holders of debt instruments, within 140 days of the issuer’s financial year-end and in accordance with NI 54-101. Notice-and-access can be used to send the annual financial statements and related MD&A under subsection 4.6(5). Notice-and-access is consistent with the principles for electronic delivery set out in National Policy 11-201 Electronic Delivery of Documents.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.6

Comparative Interim Financial Information After Becoming a Reporting Issuer

Section 4.7(4) of the Instrument provides that a reporting issuer does not have to provide comparative financial information when it first becomes a reporting issuer if it complies with specific requirements. Section 4.10(3) of the Instrument provides a similar exemption for comparative financial information for a reverse takeover acquirer. These exemptions may, for example, apply to an issuer that was, before becoming a reporting issuer or before the reverse takeover, a private entity and that is unable to prepare the comparative financial information because it is impracticable to do so. The test of whether “to a reasonable person it is impracticable to present priorperiod information on a basis consistent with subsection 4.3(2)” is objective


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.8

Reverse Takeovers

(1) Following a reverse takeover, although the reverse takeover acquiree is the reporting issuer, from an accounting perspective, the financial statements will be those of the reverse takeover acquirer. Those financial statements must be prepared and filed as if the reverse takeover acquirer had always been the reporting issuer.

(2) The reverse takeover acquiree must file its own financial statements required by sections 4.1 and 4.3 and the related MD&A for all interim and annual periods ending before the date of the reverse takeover, even if the filing deadline for those financial statements is after the date of the reverse takeover.


Companion Policy 51-102CP Continuous Disclosure Obligations
Part 3 Financial Statements
Section 3.9

Change in Corporate Structure

(1) Section 4.9 of the Instrument requires a reporting issuer to file a notice if the issuer has been party to certain transactions. The reporting issuer may satisfy this requirement by filing a copy of its material change report or news release, provided that

(a) the material change report or news release contains all the information required in the notice; and

(b) the reporting issuer files the material change report or news release with the securities regulatory authority or regulator

(i) under the Change in Corporate Structure category on SEDAR, or

(ii) if the issuer is not an electronic filer, as a notice under section 4.9.

(2) If the transaction was a reverse takeover, the notice should state that fact and who the reverse takeover acquirer was.

(3) Under paragraph 4.9(h) of the Instrument, the issuer must state the periods of the interim financial reports and the annual financial statements it has to file for its first financial year. Issuers should explain how they determined the periods, particularly if section 4.7 of the Instrument applies.