CSA Staff Notice 81-334 ESG-Related Investment Fund Disclosure [Part G Guidance]
Part G Guidance
VIII. Sales Communications

Sales Communications

A sales communication pertaining to an investment fund is prohibited from including a statement that conflicts with information that is contained in the fund’s regulatory offering documents. [FN 36] In addition, a sales communication pertaining to an investment fund is also prohibited from being untrue or misleading. [FN 37]

The Companion Policy to NI 81-102 lists some of the circumstances in which, in the view of the Canadian securities regulatory authorities, a sales communication would be misleading. One such circumstance is if the sales communication contains a statement that lacks explanations, qualifications, limitations or other statements necessary or appropriate to make the statement in the sales communication not misleading. [FN 38] Another circumstance is if the sales communication contains a statement about the characteristics or attributes of an investment fund that makes exaggerated or unsubstantiated claims about management skill or techniques, characteristics of the investment fund or an investment in securities issued by the fund. [FN 39]

In addition, staff are of the view that sales communications should not contain statements that are vague or exaggerated, or that cannot otherwise be verified. [FN 40]

Sales communications, including websites, play a key role in providing information about the investment objectives, investment strategies and performance of funds that investors may consider investing in. Therefore, sales communications relating to ESG that are not untrue or misleading and that are consistent with a fund’s regulatory offering documents are important in order to prevent greenwashing.

FN 36 Paragraph 15.2(1)(b) of NI 81-102.

FN 37 Paragraph 15.2(1)(a) of NI 81-102.

FN 38 Paragraph 13.1(1)1 of Companion Policy 81-102CP to National Instrument 81-102 Investment Funds (81-102CP).

FN 39 Subparagraph 13.1(1)3(b) of 81-102CP.

FN 40 OSC Staff Notice 81-720 Report on Staff’s Continuous Disclosure Review of Sales Communications by Investment Funds.


CSA Staff Notice 81-334 ESG-Related Investment Fund Disclosure [Part G Guidance]
Part G Guidance
VIII. Sales Communications
Section (a)

Sales communications that indicate that the fund is focused on ESG

A sales communication pertaining to an investment fund should accurately reflect the extent to which the fund is focused on ESG, as well as the particular aspect(s) of ESG that the fund is focused on.

In staff’s view, a fund should not include statements in its sales communications that indicates that it is focused on ESG unless the fund references ESG in its investment objectives.

A fund that does not reference ESG in its investment objectives but that discloses in its investment strategies prospectus disclosure that it uses an ESG strategy may include statements in its sales communications that accurately reflect the extent to which that strategy is used. However, such funds should not exaggerate the extent of the fund’s focus on ESG in their sales communications.

In contrast, while a fund that does not reference ESG in either its investment objectives or investment strategies may provide factual information about the ESG characteristics of its portfolio (such as fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings), it should not include any ESG-related claims about what the fund is trying to achieve. In staff’s view, such sales communications would both conflict with the investment objectives and investment strategies disclosure in the fund’s regulatory offering documents, which do not reference ESG at all, and be misleading.

In general, in staff’s view, a sales communication that does not accurately reflect the extent to which a fund is focused on ESG, as well as the particular aspect(s) of ESG that the fund is focused on, would both be misleading and conflict with the information in the fund’s regulatory offering documents. Examples of such sales communications may include those that do any of the following:

  • suggest that a fund is focused on ESG when it is not;
  • suggest that a fund is focused on all three components of ESG when it is only focused on one component, such as governance;
  • misrepresent the extent and nature of the fund’s use of ESG strategies, including:
    • in the case of a fund that has a discretionary or optional screening strategy, stating that the fund uses a negative or exclusionary screening strategy without clearly disclosing that the screening is discretionary or optional; or
    • failing to:
      • disclose that there is a maximum limit to the fund’s use of those strategies;
      • actually use the advertised ESG strategies, including using different types of ESG strategies altogether; or
      • prominently disclose material aspects of the ESG strategies.

Staff have noticed that some ESG-Related Funds provide more detail about the fund’s ESG strategies in their sales communications than they do in their prospectuses. Staff remind funds that a prospectus must provide full, true and plain disclosure of all material facts, including the investment strategies of the fund.


CSA Staff Notice 81-334 ESG-Related Investment Fund Disclosure [Part G Guidance]
Part G Guidance
VIII. Sales Communications
Section (b)

Sales communications that reference a fund’s ESG performance

A fund must not include misleading statements in its sales communications about the ESG performance of the fund. Examples of such sales communications may include those that:

  • make inaccurate claims about the fund’s ESG performance or results;
  • make inaccurate claims about the existence of a direct causal link between the fund’s investment strategies and ESG performance or results; or
  • manipulate elements of disclosure to present the fund’s ESG performance or results in a positive light, such as cherry-picking data.

CSA Staff Notice 81-334 ESG-Related Investment Fund Disclosure [Part G Guidance]
Part G Guidance
VIII. Sales Communications
Section (c)

Sales communications that include fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings

Staff understand that some IFMs may wish to include fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings on their websites or other sales communications. These would include, but are not limited to, fund-level ESG ratings or scores that are primarily weighted averages of the company-level ESG ratings or scores of the underlying portfolio holdings of the fund (Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings), and fund-level ESG rankings based solely on Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings (Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings).

While staff are of the view that the Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings and Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings that staff have observed to date are not “performance data” and “performance ratings or rankings” within the context of Part 15 of NI 81-102 (Part 15), other types of fund-level ESG ratings, scores and rankings that are not Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings and Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings may be considered “performance data” or “performance ratings or rankings”. Similarly, while staff are of the view that the comparison of Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings and Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings that staff have observed to date are not comparisons of performance within the context of Part 15, [FN 41] the comparison of other types of fund-level ESG ratings, scores and rankings that are not Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings and Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings may be considered to be comparisons of performance.

If a type of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is considered “performance data” or a “performance rating or ranking”, or a comparison of that type of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is considered to be a comparison of performance, sales communications that include this type of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking, or a comparison thereof, may not be able to comply with some of the provisions of Part 15 that relate to “performance data”, “performance ratings or rankings” and comparisons of performance (the Performance Requirements). Staff remind IFMs to review and consider the Performance Requirements to determine whether such sales communications are in compliance and encourage IFMs that wish to include other types of fund-level ESG ratings, scores and rankings in their sales communications to contact staff of their principal regulator as needed.

In addition, any sales communication that includes fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings, including Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings and Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings, must not be misleading. In staff’s view, a sales communication that includes fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings may be misleading for a number of reasons, including any of the following:

  • there are conflicts of interest involving the provider that prepares the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking;
  • the selection of the specific fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is the result of cherry-picking fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings in order to present the fund’s ESG characteristics or performance in a positive light;
  • the selected fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is not representative of the ESG characteristics or performance of the fund;
  • the sales communication does not include explanations, qualifications, limitations or other statements necessary or appropriate to make the inclusion of the fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings in the sales communication not misleading.

Guidance on how to avoid these four issues is provided below.

Staff note, however, that a sales communication that includes fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings may also be misleading for reasons that have not been identified in this Notice and remind IFMs to review and consider the requirements under Part 15 when preparing sales communications.

Conflicts of interest

To address conflicts of interest, staff’s view is that the fund-level ESG rating, ranking or score that is included in the sales communication should be prepared by a provider that:

(a) rates, scores or ranks the ESG characteristics or performance of the fund through an objective methodology that is (i) applied consistently to all funds rated, scored or ranked by it, and (ii) disclosed on the provider’s website;

(b) is not a member of the organization of the fund; [FN 42] and

(c) is not paid to assign a fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking to the fund by the promoter, manager, portfolio adviser, principal distributor or participating dealer of any fund or any of their affiliates.

In addition, for a fund-level ESG ranking, the ranking should be based on a published category of funds, such as Canadian equity funds, that is not established or maintained by a member of the organization of the fund.

Selection of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking

To help ensure that the selection of the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is not the result of cherry-picking, staff are of the view that the selection of the rating, score or ranking should be consistent with the following parameters:

(a) the IFM should consider whether the selected fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is an accurate representation of the fund (and its portfolio, if the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is based on the fund’s portfolio) during the time period that the sales communication appears or is in use and therefore, whether the inclusion of the selected fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking in a sales communication may be misleading;

(b) for a fund-level ESG ranking, the ranking should be based on a published category of funds, such, as for example, Canadian fixed income funds, that provides a reasonable basis for evaluating the ESG characteristics or performance of the fund;

(c) if a fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is disclosed on the website of a fund that is not an ESG Fund, the IFM should disclose the same type of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking from the same provider, if available, for all of the funds that it manages; and

(d) if a fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is disclosed on the website of an ESG Fund, the IFM should disclose the same type of fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking from the same provider, if available, for all of the ESG Funds that it manages.

However, staff would not view paragraph (d) as applicable to an ESG Fund that has a specialized ESG focus, such as a fund focused on climate change, if the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking that is being disclosed is specific to the specialized ESG focus of the fund, such as a rating relating to carbon emissions.

In addition, staff encourage funds that wish to disclose fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings in their sales communications to disclose fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings from at least 2 different providers.

Representativeness of fund’s ESG characteristics or performance

Furthermore, for a Portfolio-Based ESG Rating, if only a certain percentage of a fund’s underlying portfolio is covered by the Portfolio-Based ESG Rating (i.e. if less than 100% of the fund’s underlying portfolio has been rated), staff’s view is that the IFM should consider whether the portion of the portfolio that has not been rated has substantially similar ESG characteristics to the rest of the portfolio and therefore, whether the Portfolio-Based ESG Rating is an accurate representation of the ESG characteristics or performance of the entire portfolio. If the portion of the portfolio that has not been rated does not have substantially similar ESG characteristics as compared to the rest of the portfolio, the Portfolio-Based ESG Rating may not be an accurate representation of the entire portfolio and therefore, the inclusion of the Portfolio-Based ESG Rating in a sales communication may be misleading.

The above also applies to Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings that are based on Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings where less than 100% of the fund’s underlying portfolio has been rated.

Accompanying disclosure

Finally, to avoid being misleading, staff are of the view that a sales communication that includes fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings should include the following disclosure:

(a) the name of the provider that prepared the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking;

(b) the date or time period covered by the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking:

(i) if the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is as of a specific point in time, the date of the specific point in time;

(ii) if the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking covers a time period:

(A) the period of time; and

(B) a brief explanation of how the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking was determined for the specified time period (e.g. if the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is based on an average of the monthly fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings from the past 12 months);

(c) how often the fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking is updated by the provider (e.g. on a monthly basis);

(d) cautionary language stating that the fund’s ESG characteristics and performance may differ from time to time;

(e) for Portfolio-Based ESG Ratings, the percentage of the fund’s underlying portfolio holdings that has been rated;

(f) for Portfolio-Based ESG Rankings, the percentage of the fund’s underlying portfolio holdings that has been rated for the purpose of the Portfolio-Based ESG Rating on which the Portfolio-Based ESG Ranking is based;

(g) for fund-level ESG ratings or scores, the range of the fund-level ESG rating or score (e.g. AAA to CCC);

(h) for fund-level ESG rankings:

(i) the classification of the peer group used for the ranking (e.g. Canadian equity); and

(ii) the number of funds in the peer group;

(i) if the fund is not an ESG Fund, cautionary language that states that the fund does not have ESG-related investment objectives;

(j) if applicable, cautionary language that states that the fund-level ESG rating or score (or in the case of a fund-level ESG ranking, the fund-level ESG rating or score on which the ranking is based) does not evaluate the ESG-related investment objectives of, or any ESG strategies used by, the fund and is not indicative of how well ESG factors are integrated by the fund;

(k) a one or two sentence summary explaining what the fund-level ESG rating, score, or ranking measures or assesses, including:

(i) for a fund-level ESG ranking, language identifying the fund-level ESG rating or score that the ranking is based on;

(ii) for a Portfolio-Based ESG Rating or Portfolio-Based ESG Ranking, language that states that the fund-level ESG rating or score (or in the case of a fund-level ESG ranking, the fund-level ESG rating or score on which the ranking is based) is a weighted average ESG rating or score of the company-level ESG ratings or scores of the underlying portfolio holdings of the fund; and

(iii) for a fund-level ESG rating, score or ranking that is not a Portfolio-Based ESG Rating or Portfolio-Based ESG Ranking, an explanation of what the fund-level ESG rating or score (or in the case of a fund-level ESG ranking, the fund-level ESG rating or score on which the ranking is based) measures or assesses;

(l) if the sales communication is online, a link to the full methodology of the fund-level ESG rating or score (or in the case of a fund-level ESG ranking, the fund-level ESG rating or score on which the ranking is based);

(m) if the sales communication is not an online sales communication, language explaining how to easily access, free of charge, the full methodology of the fund-level ESG rating or score (or in the case of a fund-level ESG ranking, the fund-level ESG rating or score on which the ranking is based);

(n) if applicable, a statement indicating that other providers may also prepare fund-level ESG ratings or scores (or in the case of fund-level ESG rankings, the fund-level ESG ratings or scores on which the rankings are based) using their own methodologies, which may differ from the methodology used by the provider;

(o) if the sales communication is online, a link to the fund’s website containing the same type of fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings for the fund on the same periodic basis as updated by the provider over the past 12 months;

(p) if the sales communication is not an online sales communication, language explaining how to easily access, free of charge, the same type of fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings for the fund on the same periodic basis as updated by the provider over the past 12 months; and

(q) a cross-reference to the fund’s prospectus for further information about the fund’s investment objectives and strategies.

In addition, staff encourage funds to disclose separate fund-level ratings, scores or rankings, as applicable, for each of the three components of ESG.

The above accompanying disclosure should be clear and not buried within fine print.

Staff note that while the above list of accompanying disclosure has been provided to assist IFMs in the preparation of sales communications for their funds, the list is non-exhaustive and a sales communication that includes fund-level ESG ratings, scores or rankings and the above accompanying disclosure may still be misleading for other reasons.

FN 41 See, for example, subsection 15.3(1) and sections 15.7 and 15.7.1 of NI 81-102.

FN 42 See the definition of “member of the organization” in section 1.1 of National Instrument 81-105 Mutual Fund Sales Practices.