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Q: What are the main exemptions from the bid rules?

A: The main exemptions from the bid rules are: -The foreign take-over bid exemption -The non-reporting issuer exemption -The normal course purchase exemption -The general exemption for other transactions that have been otherwise disclosed


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 4 Exemptions
Division 1 Exempt Take-Over Bids
Section 4.4

Foreign take-over bid exemption

A take-over bid is exempt from Part 2 if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) security holders whose last address as shown on the books of the offeree issuer is in Canada hold less than 10% of the outstanding securities of the class subject to the bid at the commencement of the bid;

(b) the offeror reasonably believes that security holders in Canada beneficially own less than 10% of the outstanding securities of the class subject to the bid at the commencement of the bid;

(c) the published market on which the greatest volume of trading in securities of that class occurred during the 12 months immediately preceding the commencement of the bid was not in Canada;

(d) security holders in the local jurisdiction are entitled to participate in the bid on terms at least as favourable as the terms that apply to the general body of security holders of the same class;

(e) at the same time as material relating to the bid is sent by or on behalf of the offeror to security holders of the class that is subject to the bid, the material is filed and sent to security holders whose last address as shown on the books of the offeree issuer is in the local jurisdiction;

(f) if the bid materials referred to in paragraph (e) are not in English, a brief summary of the key terms of the bid prepared in English, and in Quebec in French or French and English, is filed and sent to security holders whose last address as shown on the books of the offeree issuer is in the local jurisdiction at the same time as the bid materials are filed and sent;

(g) if no material relating to the bid is sent by or on behalf of the offeror to security holders of the class that is subject to the bid but a notice or advertisement of the bid is published by or on behalf of the offeror in the jurisdiction where the offeree issuer is incorporated or organized, an advertisement of the bid specifying where and how security holders may obtain a copy of, or access to, the bid documents is filed and published in English, and in Quebec in French or French and English, in at least one major daily newspaper of general and regular paid circulation in the local jurisdiction.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 4 Exemptions
Division 1 Exempt Take-Over Bids
Section 4.3

Non-reporting issuer exemption

A take-over bid is exempt from Part 2 if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the offeree issuer is not a reporting issuer;

(b) there is no published market for the securities that are the subject of the bid;

(c) the number of security holders of that class of securities at the commencement of the bid is not more than 50, exclusive of holders who

(i) are in the employment of the offeree issuer or an affiliate of the offeree issuer, or

(ii) were formerly in the employment of the offeree issuer or in the employment of an entity that was an affiliate of the offeree issuer at the time of that employment, and who while in that employment were, and have continued after that employment to be, security holders of the offeree issuer.


National Instrument 55-104 Insider Reporting Requirements and Exemptions
Part 7 Exemptions for Normal Course Issuer Bids and Publicly Disclosed Transactions
Section 7.3

General exemption for other transactions that have been otherwise disclosed

The insider reporting requirement does not apply to an issuer in connection with a transaction, other than a normal course issuer bid, involving a security of its own issue if the existence and material terms of the transaction have been generally disclosed in a public filing on SEDAR.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 4 Exemptions
Division 1 Exempt Take-Over Bids
Section 4.1

Normal course purchase exemption

A take-over bid is exempt from Part 2 if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the bid is for not more than 5% of the outstanding securities of a class of securities of the offeree issuer;

(b) the aggregate number of securities acquired in reliance on this exemption by the offeror and any person acting jointly or in concert with the offeror within any period of 12 months, when aggregated with acquisitions otherwise made by the offeror and any person acting jointly or in concert with the offeror within the same 12-month period, other than under a bid that is subject to Part 2, does not exceed 5% of the securities of that class outstanding at the beginning of the 12-month period;

(c) there is a published market for the class of securities that are the subject of the bid;

(d) the value of the consideration paid for any of the securities acquired is not in excess of the market price at the date of acquisition, as determined in accordance with section 1.11, plus reasonable brokerage fees or commissions actually paid.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 6 Exemptions
Section 6.1

Exemption – general

(1) The regulator or the securities regulatory authority may grant an exemption from the provisions of this Instrument, in whole or in part, subject to such conditions or restrictions as may be imposed in the exemption.

(2) Despite subsection (1), in Ontario, only the regulator may grant such an exemption.

(3) Except in Alberta and Ontario, an exemption referred to in subsection (1) is granted under the statute referred to in Appendix B of National Instrument 14-101 Definitions opposite the name of the local jurisdiction.


Exemptive Relief Orders

Companion Policy to NI 55-104 Insider Reporting Requirements and Exemptions
Part 7 Exemptions For Normal Course Issuer Bids and Publicly Disclosed Transactions
Section 7.2

General exemption for transactions that have been generally disclosed

Section 7.3 of the Instrument provides that the insider reporting requirement does not apply to an issuer in connection with a transaction, other than a normal course issuer bid, involving securities of its own issue if the existence and material terms of the transaction have been generally disclosed in a public filing made on SEDAR. Because of this exemption and the exemption for normal course issuer bids in section 7.1, a reporting issuer that is an insider of itself will not generally need to file insider reports under Part 3 or Part 4 provided the issuer complies with the alternative reporting requirement in section 7.2 of the Instrument.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 4 Exemptions
Division 1 Exempt Take-Over Bids
Section 4.2

Private agreement exemption

(1) A take-over bid is exempt from Part 2 if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) purchases are made from not more than 5 persons in the aggregate, including persons located outside the local jurisdiction;

(b) the bid is not made generally to security holders of the class of securities that is the subject of the bid, so long as there are more than 5 security holders of the class;

(c) if there is a published market for the securities acquired, the value of the consideration paid for any of the securities, including brokerage fees or commissions, is not greater than 115% of the market price of the securities at the date of the bid as determined in accordance with section 1.11;

(d) if there is no published market for the securities acquired, there is a reasonable basis for determining that the value of the consideration paid for any of the securities is not greater than 115% of the value of the securities.

(2) In subsection (1), if an offeror makes an offer to acquire securities from a person and the offeror knows or ought to know after reasonable enquiry that

(a) the person acquired the securities in order that the offeror might make use of the exemption under subsection (1), then each person from whom those securities were acquired must be included in the determination of the number of persons to whom an offer to acquire has been made, or

(b) the person from whom the acquisition is being made is acting as a nominee, agent, trustee, executor, administrator or other legal representative for one or more other persons having a direct beneficial interest in those securities, then each of those other persons must be included in the determination of the number of persons to whom an offer to acquire has been made.

(3) Despite paragraph (2)(b), a trust or estate is to be considered a single security holder in the determination of the number of persons to whom an offer to acquire has been made if

(a) an inter vivos trust has been established by a single settlor, or

(b) an estate has not vested in all persons who are beneficially entitled to it.


Multilateral Instrument 61-101 Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions
Part 3 Issuer Bids
Section 3.4

Exemptions from Formal Valuation Requirement

Section 3.3 does not apply to an issuer in connection with an issuer bid in any of the following circumstances:

(a) Bid for Non-Convertible Securities – the issuer bid is for securities that are not equity securities and that are not, directly or indirectly, convertible into equity securities,

(b) Liquid Market – the issuer bid is made for securities for which

(i) a liquid market exists,

(ii) it is reasonable to conclude that, following the completion of the bid, there will be a market for holders of the securities who do not tender to the bid that is not materially less liquid than the market that existed at the time of the making of the bid, and

(iii) if an opinion referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection 1.2(1) is provided, the person providing the opinion reaches the conclusion described in subparagraph (b)(ii) of this section 3.4 and so states in its opinion.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 4 Exemptions
Division 1 Exempt Take-Over Bids
Section 4.5

De minimis exemption

A take-over bid is exempt from Part 2 if all of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the number of beneficial owners of securities of the class subject to the bid in the local jurisdiction is fewer than 50;

(b) the securities held by the beneficial owners referred to in paragraph (a) constitute, in aggregate, less than 2% of the outstanding securities of that class;

(c) security holders in the local jurisdiction are entitled to participate in the bid on terms at least as favourable as the terms that apply to the general body of security holders of the same class;

(d) at the same time as material relating to the bid is sent by or on behalf of the offeror to security holders of the class that is subject to the bid, the material is filed and sent to security holders whose last address as shown on the books of the offeree issuer is in the local jurisdiction.


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 7 Underwriting Exemption
Section 7.1

Underwriting Exemption

An entity is exempt from the early warning requirements and the obligation to report under Part 4 in respect of securities owned by the entity in its capacity as underwriter or securities into which those securities are convertible, or exerciseable or exchangeable, during the underwriting period, if

(a) the entity is engaged in the business of an underwriter of securities; and

(b) the entity or the issuer of the securities has issued and filed a news release that

(i) announces the proposed underwriting, and

(ii) identifies the reporting issuer and the designation and number or principal amount of the securities underwritten.


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 10 Moratorium Relief
Section 10.1

Moratorium Relief

(1) An entity is exempt from the moratorium provisions in respect of the acquisition of, or offers to acquire, securities, if those acquisitions or offers are made by an investment manager acting on behalf of the entity without the direction or prior knowledge of the entity.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an investment manager acting as principal.

(3) An entity is exempt from the moratorium provisions in respect of any acquisitions of, or offers to acquire, securities made solely in its capacity as an approved specialist, or market maker, recognized by a stock exchange or an over-the-counter market that represents a published market for the securities.

(4) An eligible institutional investor is exempt from the moratorium provisions in respect of securities of a reporting issuer at any time in which

(a) the eligible institutional investor is using the exemption in section 4.1 in connection with filings relating to securities of that reporting issuer; or

(b) the eligible institutional investor is subject to the restrictions contained in section 4.4.


National Instrument 55-104 Insider Reporting Requirements and Exemptions
Part 1 Definitions and Interpretation
Section 1.1(1)

normal course issuer bid

“normal course issuer bid” means

(a) an issuer bid that is made in reliance on the exemption, contained in securities legislation from requirements relating to issuer bids, that is available if the number of securities acquired by the issuer within a period of twelve months does not exceed 5 per cent of the securities of that class issued and outstanding at the commencement of the period, or

(b) a normal course issuer bid as defined in the rules or policies of the Toronto Stock Exchange, the TSX Venture Exchange or an exchange that is a recognized exchange, as defined in National Instrument 21-101 Marketplace Operation, and that is conducted in accordance with the rules or policies of that exchange;


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 8 Relief For Pledgees
Section 8.3

Corresponding Insider Reporting Relief

If a person or company is exempt under section 8.1 or 8.2 from the insider reporting requirement for those securities of a reporting issuer that it controls as pledgee, every director or senior officer of the person or company who is an insider of the reporting issuer solely as a result of being a director or senior officer of the person or company that is an insider of the reporting issuer is exempt from the insider reporting requirement for those securities.


National Instrument 55-104 Insider Reporting Requirements and Exemptions
Part 9 General Exemptions
Section 9.7

Exempt persons and transactions

The insider reporting requirement does not apply to

(a) an agreement, arrangement or understanding which does not involve, directly or indirectly,

(i) a security of the reporting issuer;

(ii) a related financial instrument involving a security of the reporting issuer; or

(iii) any other derivative in respect of which the underlying security, interest, benchmark or formula is or includes as a material component a security of the reporting issuer or a related financial instrument involving a security of the reporting issuer;

(b) a transfer, pledge or encumbrance of a security by a reporting insider for the purpose of giving collateral for a debt made in good faith so long as there is no limitation on the recourse available against the insider for any amount payable under such debt;

(c) the receipt by a reporting insider of a transfer, pledge or encumbrance of a security of an issuer if the security is transferred, pledged or encumbered as collateral for a debt under a written agreement and in the ordinary course of business of the insider;

(d) a reporting insider, other than a reporting insider that is an individual, that enters into, materially amends or terminates an agreement, arrangement or understanding which is in the nature of a credit derivative;

(e) a reporting insider who did not know and, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, could not have known of the alteration to economic exposure described in section 4.1;

(f) the acquisition or disposition of a security, or an interest in a security, of an investment fund, provided that securities of the reporting issuer do not form a material component of the investment fund’s market value; or

(g) the acquisition or disposition of a security, or an interest in a security, of an issuer that holds directly or indirectly securities of the reporting issuer, if

(i) the reporting insider is not a control person of the issuer; and

(ii) the reporting insider does not have or share investment control over the securities of the reporting issuer.


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 4 Alternative Monthly Reporting System
Section 4.8

Exemptions

The requirement to file a report under this Part does not apply to a joint actor with an eligible institutional investor in connection with a specific filing if

(a) the eligible institutional investor files a report under this Part at the time that the joint actor is required to file; and

(b) the report discloses the information concerning the joint actor required by this Instrument.


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 4 Alternative Monthly Reporting System
Section 4.1

Exemption from the Early Warning Requirements

The early warning requirements do not apply to an eligible institutional investor for a reporting issuer if the eligible institutional investor

(a) is not disqualified by section 4.2 from filing reports under this Part for the reporting issuer; and

(b) either

(i) intends to file reports under this Part for the reporting issuer, if no reports are yet required to be filed; or

(ii) is not in arrears of filing reports under this Part for the reporting issuer, if a report has been required by this Part to be filed.


Exemptive Relief Orders

National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 9 Insider Reporting Exemption
Section 9.1

Insider Reporting Exemption; Early Warning Decrease Reports

(1) Subject to subsections (3.1) and (4), an eligible institutional investor is exempt from the insider reporting requirement for a reporting issuer if

(a) the eligible institutional investor has filed the report required under the early warning requirements or Part 4 for the reporting issuer in connection with the current securityholding percentage of the eligible institutional investor in the classes of voting and equity securities of the reporting issuer;

(a.1) the report referred to in paragraph (a) discloses, in addition to any other required disclosure,

(i) the eligible institutional investor’s interest in any related financial instrument involving a security of the reporting issuer that is not otherwise reflected in the current securityholding percentage of the eligible institutional investor; and

(ii) the material terms of the related financial instrument;

(b) the eligible institutional investor is not disqualified under section 4.2 from filing reports under Part 4;

(c) the eligible institutional investor does not have knowledge of any material fact or material change with respect to the reporting issuer that has not been generally disclosed;

(d) the eligible institutional investor does not receive in the ordinary course of its business and investment activities knowledge of any material fact or material change with respect to the reporting issuer that has not been generally disclosed;

(e) there are no directors or officers of the reporting issuer who were, or could reasonably be seen to have been, selected, nominated or designated by the eligible institutional investor or any joint actor; and

(f) the eligible institutional investor, either alone or together with any joint actors, does not possess effective control of the reporting issuer.

(2) An eligible institutional investor relying on the exemption in subsection (1) shall maintain records that include the information that, absent this section, would have been required to be included in a report filed under the insider reporting requirement.

(3.1) Despite subsection (1), an eligible institutional investor that is filing reports under the early warning requirements or Part 4 for a reporting issuer may rely upon the exemption contained in subsection (1) only if the eligible institutional investor treats a significant change in a related financial instrument position as a change in a material fact for the purposes of securities legislation pertaining to the early warning requirements or section 4.6 of this Instrument.

(4) Despite subsection (1), an eligible institutional investor that is an insider of a reporting issuer may not rely upon the exemption contained in subsection (1) if

(a) the eligible institutional investor, either alone or with a joint actor or joint actors, purchased in the previous month, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more of all of the securities of a class that were reported sold on stock exchanges, over-the-counter markets or both in the previous month; or

(b) the eligible institutional investor, either alone or with a joint actor or joint actors, sold in the previous month, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more of all of the securities of a class that were reported sold on stock exchanges, over-the-counter markets or both in the previous month.

(5) If an eligible institutional investor is exempt under subsection (1) from the insider reporting requirement for a reporting issuer, every director or senior officer of the eligible institutional investor who is an insider of the reporting issuer solely as a result of being director or senior officer of the eligible institutional investor is exempt from the insider reporting requirement for the reporting issuer.


National Instrument 62-103 The Early Warning System and Related Takeover Bid and Insider Reporting Issues
Part 6 Issuer Actions
Section 6.1

Issuer Actions

(1) An entity is exempt from the early warning requirements and the obligation to report under Part 4 in connection with an increase in the securityholding percentage of the entity in a class of securities of a reporting issuer that arises without any action being taken by the entity and solely from a reduction in outstanding securities that occurs as a result of redemptions, retractions or other repurchases by the reporting issuer, that affect or are offered to all security holders of the relevant class.

(2) An entity is exempt from the early warning requirements and the obligation to report under Part 4 in connection with a decrease in the securityholding percentage of the entity in a class of securities of a reporting issuer that arises without any action being taken by the entity and solely from an increase in outstanding securities that occurs as a result of treasury issuances of securities by the reporting issuer.

(3) An entity may rely upon an exemption provided by this section in connection with a class of securities only until the entity undertakes any transaction that changes the securityholding percentage of the entity in that class of securities.

(4) An entity that undertakes a transaction described in subsection (3) shall comply with the early warning requirements or Part 4 in connection with the class of securities referred to in that subsection in a manner that reflects the changes in the securityholding percentage of the entity in that class of securities since the last news release or report made or filed under the early warning requirements or Part 4.


National Instrument 62-104 Takeover Bids and Issuer Bids
Part 2 Bids
Section 2.12

Variation of Terms

(1) If there is a variation in the terms of a take-over bid or an issuer bid, including any reduction of the period during which securities may be deposited under the bid pursuant to section 2.28.2 or section 2.28.3, or any extension of the period during which securities may be deposited under the bid, and whether or not that variation results from the exercise of any right contained in the bid, the offeror must promptly

(a) issue and file a news release, and

(b) send a notice of variation to every person to whom the bid was required to be sent under section 2.8 and whose securities were not taken up before the date of the variation.

(1.1) Despite paragraph (1)(b), an offeror is not required to send a notice of variation to a security holder if, under paragraph 2.30(2)(a.1), the security holder is restricted from withdrawing securities that have been deposited under the bid.

(2) A notice of variation must be in the form of Form 62-104F5 Notice of Change or Notice of Variation.

(3) If there is a variation in the terms of a take-over bid or an issuer bid, the period during which securities may be deposited under the bid must not expire before 10 days after the date of the notice of variation.

(3.1) If, under subsection (1), an offeror is required to send a notice of variation before the expiry of the initial deposit period,

(a) the initial deposit period for the offeror’s take-over bid must not expire before 10 days after the date of the notice of variation, and

(b) the offeror must not take up securities deposited under the bid before 10 days after the date of the notice of variation.

(4) Subsections (1), (3) and (3.1) do not apply to a variation in the terms of a bid consisting solely of the waiver of a condition in the bid and any extension of the bid, other than an extension in respect of the mandatory 10-day extension period, resulting from the waiver where the consideration offered for the securities consists solely of cash, but in that case the offeror must promptly issue and file a news release announcing the waiver.

(5) An offeror must not make a variation in the terms of an issuer bid, other than a variation that is the waiver by the offeror of a condition that is specifically stated in the bid as being waivable 15 at the sole option of the offeror, after the expiry of the period, including any extension of the period, during which the securities may be deposited under the bid.

(6) An offeror must not make a variation in the terms of a take-over bid, other than a variation to extend the time during which securities may be deposited under the bid or a variation to increase the consideration offered for the securities subject to the bid, after the offeror becomes obligated to take up securities deposited under the bid in accordance with section 2.32.1.